ABC is considered a direct observation format because you have to be directly observing the behavior when it occurs. As with all behaviors that deal with the safety of a student, the incident should be documented, and parents should be informed immediately. Objective 4. Elopement is often referred to as running away, bolting, wandering, AWOL, or being out of bounds.Running away is a serious behavior to address due to the dangers that may occur for students without direct adult supervision. PFA Safety Resources (includes wandering and elopement tools), 235 Schilling Circle, Suite 103 Present Jack a choice of tools to practice his letters – the iPad or magnetic letter board. Establish what Jack will earn once he practices his letters for 8 minutes. Establish goals and objectives around each behavior to ensure progress monitoring is happening at school. 7 0 obj <> endobj 33 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1A2D288183DA244D092F16A0AF0ED901><04D4A981F6783F4F9BECBC8CDA10E374>]/Index[7 47]/Info 6 0 R/Length 116/Prev 74775/Root 8 0 R/Size 54/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Download high-quality ABC Chart 1 for free. Another basic: ABC data sheet. The ABC Chart 1 is easily printable and editable in Word, PDF, PowerPoint. Once you have your data and a plan in place it will be important to continue collecting data using your ABC chart or other system. For a child that has many similar behaviors – such as hitting, biting, kicking, throwing items, etc. Goal:  Student will use her replacement behavior (sitting on her designated beanbag chair with a stuffed animal) instead of eloping from the room when she is upset, at least 80% of the occurrences by June 2021. Lots of similar behaviors: ABC data sheet I use this one a ton! ABC refers to: Antecedent- the events, action, or circumstances that occur before a behavior. Data collection and working from a baseline are critical when trying to change a behavior. Objective 3: Given a verbal and visual reminder, paired with a timer, the student will stay within the safety approved zone on 80% of occurrences by January 2021. h�b``�```�e```�a@�@���р,&��j|,',J��*d2��$�62DD}aYz��a��� However, before we discuss the data collection process, there are some natural environmental supports that could be tried while you are collecting data, to help minimize elopement behaviors. Objective 1: Given an un-preferred task paired with student reinforcement system, student will choose to go to her beanbag chair instead of eloping from the classroom on at least 50% of occurrences by September 2020. %%EOF Goal:  Jack will decrease his elopement behavior from the classroom from 10 occurrences to no more than 2 occurrences by June 2021. The principal will immediately go to the front doors of the building. h޼�[O#9���g�v�]e[!qV0�"��C�z����J������0�p�"����v��O�yc���85̸#���F��L$5�"x2�b ��);㽡��x1�쑋�5 '~�h��ဴH�Q�gc4H�8z��S�{R~���ͨ��1T�[��?������r�c��u[��\�����k��. “I want attention from my teacher.” Intervention: Provide reward on a set schedule, whether or not behavior occurs. Objective 1: Given social stories, alternative writing options and his first/then chart, Jack will decrease his elopement from the classroom to no more than 8 occurrences per quarter. One more: ABC data sheet. School teams often collect data through the process of a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA) to gain more information about a specific behavior. Behavior Consequence (What occurred right after the behavior? •Includes collection and examination of data – play detective. Time of Day: Jack only eloped during times when he was in a general education classroom with more than 20 kids. Determine Function of Behavior by asking the main question: What does Jack gain by eloping from the room or building???? To develop a meaningful behavior plan, specific data collection is critical. - Student was given a pat on the back or high five combined with verbal praise (“Joe, you are a great student!”) every 30 seconds. As with all behaviors, especially when they reach a crisis level, and deal with the safety of a student, we often want and need quick answers and responses. Establishing the assigned “safe wandering area” with the student should be done at the beginning of the class or before lunch/recess. Place everyone strategically School teams can easily write a behavior goal in an IEP once they have the baseline data. Goal:  Student will wander within the safety approved zone when needed, with no more than 1 visual reminder by March 2021. ABC Analysis •Using behavioral components to determine how to change a specific (target) behavior. An additional plan will need to be developed for returning the student to the learning environment after an elopement has occurred. �2�6�X�����[$$ � !9�Rz�@,��6H�t a�$�$�o �B&F�i 00҆����@� k�c Staff also need to understand why a student might be “wandering in the hallway” and be aware of the “safe zone areas” designated for the student. Although this is an example of a simple behavior plan, it demonstrates the importance of collecting data to create a functional behavior assessment and how to create a behavior plan to address a specific behavior. Read social stories each morning and discuss school rules. Establish a safe area with clear boundaries Collecting the data to establish a baseline. The aid/teacher will immediately alert the support team of the student’s elopement through a call or walkie talkie. Remind him Mom and Dad will be notified that he eloped. The assistant principal will cover the side exit, the counselor will cover the recess doors and so forth. Safety of the student who is trying to flee an area, a classroom, a crowded lunchroom or even a school building, as well as the safety of the staff working with that student. Multiple staff – including those who may not directly teach the student – need to serve as reinforcements throughout the building. Unfortunately, it is hard to put a behavior plan in place when there isn’t any data, so that is always the first recommended step when dealing with a new behavior. Dates: Three of the elopements were on Monday mornings. Start a data collection sheetto track the student’s elopement (as defined above). In a larger environment, it might be a space in the auditorium (again clearly marked) or an area near the student’s location in the building. Objective 4: Given an un-preferred task paired with student reinforcement system, student will choose to go to her beanbag chair instead of eloping from the classroom on at least 80% of occurrences by June 2021. Behavior: Elopement from the class 7/8 times. Even worse, the natural response to run after the student to stop them from eloping might be an unintentional reinforcement for this unsafe behavior. The team will communicate when the student is secure and debrief if the plan was effective. Objective 2: Given a verbal and visual reminder, paired with a timer, the student will stay within the safety approved zone on 70% of occurrences by November 2020. Model appropriate responses of replacement behaviors for elopement. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0 Example of an ABC data collect chart: IMPROVING THE LIVES OF PEOPLE WITH … IEP objectives and goals Delay of earned break until he returns to class and finishes the work. Behavior: Elopement Function: Attention What is the student trying to communicate? Behavior- The behavior. Once you have a function for this behavior (in Jack’s case to escape written work) the team can start working on. It will also be important to identify the Behavior Plan in your child’s IEP or 504 plan. The person following the student will communicate with the support team what is happening (where the student is located, if they are walking, running, crying, etc.). Allow Jack to come into homeroom each morning with nothing on his desk. •Includes setting event, antecedent (A), behavior (B) and consequence (C). The most common form of data collection is ABC data chart (antecedent, behavior, consequence). Hunt Valley, MD 21031. Track the data to determine if the interventions are working Practice using those replacement behaviors every day. The most common form of data collection is ABC data chart (antecedent, behavior, consequence). Hypothesized Function of the Behavior: _____ Safety is the first concern with wandering and elopement behaviors. Read Jack’s social stories on School Safety Rules and Staying in the Classroom Keeps Me Safe. Baseline example: Stays in the safety approved zone 50% of occurrences. Example of an ABC data collect chart: Summarize the data collection period. Often these behaviors aren’t addressed early enough, and they become a pattern for a student. Give Jack alerts when a writing tasks are scheduled. It is recommended that a teacher, assistant or other adult be positioned near the student as well as the door to redirect the student if he attempts to leave. The following information should be considered to develop a thoughtful and meaningful plan to curb elopement behaviors.

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