While advocating a simplistic theology, Campbell saw the need for an educated ministry and founded Bethany College, W.Va., in 1840. get one year free. Encyclopedia.com. He was the son of Thomas Campbell (1763–1854), a Presbyterian minister who immigrated in 1807 to the United States, where he promoted his program for Christian unity. He ran several secondary schools, and in 1840 he founded the Disciples’ first institution of higher learning, Bethany College. John B. Purcell of Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1830. Later Campbell visited Owen and pleaded with him to accept the Christian faith; Owen wouldn't budge, though Campbell's appeal allegedly moved him to tears. . https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/campbell-alexander, JOHN BOWKER "Campbell, Alexander By 1830 the Disciples of Christ (as they were now called) emerged as a distinct movement; all relations with Campbell's emphasis on New Testament Christianity appealed powerfully to frontier Americans—and to many Christians since. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Alexander Campbell was also deeply influenced by Enlightenment thinking, in particular the Scottish School of Common Sense of Thomas Reid and Dugald Stewart. 5. He joined in his father's rejection of Presbyterianism and in 1811 helped to organize a Christian Association Church at Brush Run. Alexander traveled on horseback through the Midwest and South, preaching a simple gospel stripped of … In 1832 the church nearly doubled in size through a union with the Christian movement led by Barton Stone of Kentucky; Campbell quickly became the dominant figure in the united denomination. Alexander Campbell began carrying the movement through Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Virginia. In 1823 he began editing and publishing a monthly periodical, the Christian Baptist, in which he explicated the characteristics of the original apostolic, or “primitive,” church, as he had come to understand them through careful biblical study. ." (October 16, 2020). a. . His influence broadened after 1823, when he began to publish the Christian Baptist. In 1823 he launched The Christian Baptist, a monthly that, wrote editor Campbell, "shall espouse the cause of no religious sect, excepting that ancient sect 'called Christians first at Antioch.'". and Realism Spiritual Berkeley by Hardcover Fraser Campbell Alexander , , Alexander Campbell and by Hardcover Realism Fraser Berkeley Spiritual: $ Spiritual Realism book. . He believed that his plan for Christian union would promote harmony and progress in society as a whole, and he engaged in frequent debates to popularize his ideas. However, after 1827 all Baptist groups began to exclude the Campbellites. Christian Church (Disciples of Christ): Name adopted in 1968 during the “Restructure” of the Disciples. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. ." JOHN BOWKER "Campbell, Alexander This restorationist movement was one of many in nineteenth century America that claimed to have rediscovered the doctrines and practices of first century Christianity. . . While Campbell’s interests were primarily focused on religious matters, he was unquestionably concerned about secular society as well. . Prior to 1830 Campbell was extremely iconoclastic in his attacks on the popular churches, ridiculing the clergy and seeming to attack all cooperative societies. (Defunct) Harrell, David "Campbell, Alexander Christian reformer. Much to their delight, the two men found that during their separation their thoughts had run along similar lines. . "Alexander Campbell [13] : 84 This group believed that the Bible related concrete facts rather than abstract truths, and advocated a scientific or " Baconian " approach to interpreting the Bible. The heart of Campbell's plea was an appeal for Christian union through the "restoration of the ancient order of things," that is, by restoring New Testament Christianity. In 1824 Barton Stone and Alexander Campbell met. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, Disciples of Christ Campbell preferred the name Disciples of Christ, but local churches frequently were called Christian Church or Church of Christ. He counseled moderation and believed that the restoration movement could survive the tragedy, but by the time of his death his millennial hopes had given way to pessimism. A gifted speaker and prolific writer with a sharp wit, Campbell engaged in numerous public debates and gained a widespread reputation as a dedicated reformer and a rigorous religious thinker. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/campbell-alexander. His father, Thomas, was a reform-minded Presbyterian minister who educated his son at home before sending him to the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Besides his published debates, his thought is found chiefly in his book, The Christian System (1835), and in his periodicals, The Christian Baptist and The Milennial Harbinger. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Thus, in 1811 father and son organized their own church at Brush Run, Pennsylvania, which had no denominational name and no test of fellowship for membership, and was guided by a single phrase coined by Thomas Campbell: “Where the Scriptures speak, we speak; where the Scriptures are silent, we are silent.”. He quickly became disgusted with what he perceived to be theological pettiness in Presbyterianism. After 1830 he became a more constructive builder and seemed confident that the millennium was about to begin, initiated by the restoration movement. N. L. Rice on baptism (1843) gained him a national audience, and in 1850 he addressed both houses of Congress. 1964), is the best history of the movement. ." Encyclopedia.com. In 1840 Campbell chartered Bethany College in Bethany, Virginia, to provide more education for ministers. Sources. The Philosophy of Religion of Alexander Campbell reintroduces readers to Campbell as a philosopher of religion and explores the philosophical basis for the views underlying his religious movement. ." Campbell's evangelistic methods were varied, to say the least. Why these two Irish men concluded that, and what they did about it, created one of the most powerful movements in American religious history—and a uniquely American denomination. Stone’s followers simply called themselves Christians, and Campbell’s followers called themselves Disciples of Christ. The Christians, like Campbell’s group, had hoped to promote unity by eschewing a name or a formal institutional foundation. After attending Glasgow University, Scotland, he joined his father's Christian Association of Washington, Pa., and was ordained in 1812. Encyclopedia.com. These two men were leading their own religious movements in two separate states in the U.S. before they met in Georgetown, Kentucky, in 1824. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Needless to say, Reformers and Baptists differed in … Preaching for the sole authority of Scripture and against creeds and other additions of the institutional church, Campbell attracted both support and attack. After marrying the daughter of a wealthy farmer, the younger Campbell acquired a sizable estate in present-day West Virginia, where he established his own printing business. Subscribers receive full access to the archives. In the same year Campbell was elected to the Virginia Constitutional Convention, where he served as a vigorous advocate for his constituency and became close friends with James Madison, who was impressed with his abilities as a preacher.

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