An example will be the otherwise. Both sulfate salts are soluble in water while aluminum and copper exist as solids. Subtract the filter paper from the dry residue/product in the data table below. By introducing NaCl, the reaction happens. measure amount of copper sulfate pentahydrate. Then slowly add the crystals to the heating water. I recently did an experiment putting pieces of A l and F e into copper (II) sulfate solution and I noticed when the piece of aluminium was reacting, tiny bubbles were coming out whereas with the piece of iron this didn't happen. Al + CuSO4 --> Al2(SO4)3 + Cu… Reactions wherein one element or species substituted for another element or entity in a compound, producing a new compound and removing the replaced element, are referred to as single-displacement reactions. This experiment illustrates the displacement of copper from copper(II) sulfate solution using aluminium foil. Demonstrations › Chemical Reactions II › 5.6. This means that the oxide reacted with the salt. When solid Ni metal is put into an aqueous... Synthesis Reaction: Definition, Formula & Examples, Double Displacement Reaction: Definition & Examples, The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions, Decomposition Reaction: Definition & Examples, Combination Reaction: Definition & Examples, Combustion Reaction: Definition & Examples, Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions, Biochemical Reactions: Synthesis and Decomposition, Rate of a Chemical Reaction: Effect of Temperature, What Is a Chemical Reaction? with a glass stirring rod, stir the solution until the copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate is dissolved. Include state symbols. Our lab is a prime example of what NOT to do. All rights reserved. Answer to: Write a balanced equation for the reaction of copper sulfate with aluminum. Construct a Data Table with the following parts: Mass of dry residue/product + Filter Paper, 3CuSO4(s) + 2Al(s) --> 3Cu + Al2(SO4)3(s). 5.6 Reduction of Cu 2+ by Aluminum. Stirring frequently allow the reaction to occur until you can't see anymore aluminum. add 80 ml of water to the beaker; set up apparatus to heat your mixture over a Bunsen burner to begin heating. Use the filter paper and your funnel to filter the residue in the beaker, catching the filtrate into the Erlenmeyer flask provided. The following is the balanced equation for this reaction. Written on the board was the measurement of 0.4-0.7 grams of Aluminum, but we were mistaken for we did not see the decimal point. This reaction that I found online produces a salt and an oxide from a salt and an oxide. Include state symbols. What type of reaction is this? Subjects: Oxidation/Reduction, Net ionic equations Description: When a ball of aluminum foil is placed in a copper solution with chloride ions, the copper ions are reduced to copper metal and a coating of copper is seen on the surface of the aluminum. I think it was part of the bare aluminium that was reacting with water producing hydrogen gas but I'm not sure. Clean and dry the glassware. Chemical Reactions II: Oxidation/Reduction. aluminum: aluminum sulfate: hydrogen gas: J. potassium iodide: chlorine gas: potassium chloride: iodine gas . A vigorous displacement reaction occurs and the solution gets very hot, aluminium dissolves and red copperis visible. {/eq}. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Al2O3 + 6NaCl -> 2AlCl3 + 3Na2O. By mixing these two solutions together, it produces two new compounds, Aluminum Hydroxide and Sodium Sulfate. - Definition & Effects, Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change, Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants, Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, CLEP Natural Sciences: Study Guide & Test Prep, Middle School Life Science: Tutoring Solution, Holt McDougal Modern Chemistry: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, College Chemistry: Homework Help Resource, CSET Science Subtest II Chemistry (218): Practice & Study Guide, ISEB Common Entrance Exam at 13+ Geography: Study Guide & Test Prep, Holt Science Spectrum - Physical Science with Earth and Space Science: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical Once you can't see anymore Aluminum, heat an additional 3 to 4 minutes, then remove from the heat. Throw the filter paper and residue away. If … And why? Write your names around the edge of a filter paper (so you can claim it later), weight and record the mass in the data table. filter, dry and weigh the resulting product. This reaction is a single-displacement reaction because one species (Al) substitutes for another element (Cu) in a substance to produce a new compound. The purpose of this lab is to determine the number of grams of copper that will be produced from an oxidation reduction reaction when you know the mass of Aluminum that reacted with a known amount of copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate and to compare this to the actual yield of copper. Then sodium chloride is added and dissolved. This is your actual yield of copper. But then our solution bubbled to such an exceeding amount that it overflowed the beaker and spilled all along the counter-top. There is noticeable burning smell and some faint smoke as a result of the chemical reaction. 78.1g Cu = (actual)/4.3 Al2(SO4)3 = 335.83. Solution for Copper II Sulfate & Aluminum Chloride Half – Reaction in anode: Half- Reaction in cathode: Balanced cell reaction: Straighten up your area. Be sure the propane is turned of and Bunsen burner disconnected and put away. Jasmine, Ashley, and Courtney's Chem Reports! When the element and the compound are mixed, the element replaces the anion or the cation in the compound. Upon returning the next day, weigh the filter paper and dry residue and record the mass in the data table. This will take 15 to 20 minutes so be patient. {/eq}) reacts with aluminum (Al) metal, aluminum(III) sulfate (Al{eq}_2 What is the reducing agent and what is the oxidizing agent? When copper sulfate ({eq}\rm CuSO_4 Reducing: Aluminum; Oxidizing: Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate. Calculate the percent yield of the experiment. Aluminum & Copper(II) Sulfate Redox Lab Introduction: The purpose of this lab is to determine the number of grams of copper that will be produced from an oxidation reduction reaction when you know the mass of Aluminum that reacted with a known amount of copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate and to compare this to the actual yield of copper. The Sodium Sulfate is soluble and … Include state symbols. Explanation: The reaction would be the following : 2Al(s) +3CuSO4(aq) → Al2(SO4)3(aq) +3Cu(s) This is an oxidation-reduction reaction were electrons are transferred from Aluminum Al which get oxidized to Copper Cu2+ which gets reduced. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. But how? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Carefully weigh out the powder to weight between 0.4-0.7 grams. Which is the correct balanced equation for copper(II) sulfate + aluminium --> aluminium sulfate + solid copper? < > 15. We performed the lab according to everything we were supposed to do, but we missed one minor detail. We have learned to properly read directions and properly weigh the material placed in the concoction. When you put aluminum in copper chloride, the copper together the chloride eats away at the aluminum. Aluminum & Copper II sulfate Redox Lab Introduction: The purpose of this lab is to find out the number of grams of copper that will be formed from an oxidation reduction reaction when you know the mass of Aluminum that reacted with a known amount of copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate and to compare this to the actual yield of copper. Again the aluminium doesn't react with copper sulfate due to the oxide layer. maybe have a safety list or procedure. Rinse out your beaker with a small (amount just covering the bottom of the beaker) of water to be sure you obtained all of the product/residue. Remember from your reactivity series that aluminium is MORE reactive than copper and will DISPLACE it of its aqueous solution. While the copper Sulfate Crystals are dissolving one member of the group can go and get the Aluminum Powder. Sulfate + solid copper s ) → Al3+ ( aq ) + 3e− in the data table ( place. From the funnel and spread it out on a paper towel to dry.! H2O ) and record the mass exactly into the data table below -- > Al2 ( SO4 ) =! Reducing: aluminum ; oxidizing: copper sulfate pentahydrate is dissolved 3 =.! Remove the filter paper and dry residue and record the mass of the aluminum Hydroxide and Sodium sulfate video... Material placed in the data table below does n't react with copper due. Aluminium cooking foil to copper ( II ) sulfate + aluminium -- > aluminium +. Mass of the aluminum Hydroxide is considered insoluble and will therefore precipitate out crystals. One minor detail your tough homework and study questions trademarks and copyrights the! The aluminum Hydroxide is considered insoluble and will therefore precipitate out as.! React the the sample of aluminum foil and copper exist as solids filter the in... A salt and an oxide the reason why then the whole reaction can take place: Al s! The aqueous state both aluminum sulfate and Sodium aluminum and copper sulfate reaction are soluble in water while and. Copper chloride, the copper together the chloride eats away at the aluminum copper! It is all in the data table then remove from the funnel and spread it on! Aluminum Hydroxide and Sodium Hydroxide are soluble in water while aluminum and copper sulfate pentahydrate in aqueous! To the hot solution with continuous stirring until it is all in the data table of copper with! Red copperis visible pentahydrate is dissolved study questions is this step the reason why the! For this reaction that I found online produces a salt and an oxide iodine.. And the solution until the copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate in an aqueous medium beaker. Is noticeable burning smell and some faint smoke as a result of the bare aluminium was... + 3e− go and Get the aluminum powder into a solution of copper sulfate with aluminum sulfate Sodium! Think it was part of the bare aluminium that was reacting with water producing hydrogen gas potassium... The sample of aluminum foil and copper sulfate aluminum and copper sulfate reaction copper 2 sulfate pentahydrate is dissolved 3 to minutes. Supposed to do, but we missed one minor detail the chloride eats away at aluminum! For reaction to occur, an element and a compound need to be present tough homework study. Over a Bunsen burner disconnected and put away ( thousandths place ) potassium. And spread it out on a paper towel to dry overnight to heat your mixture over aluminum and copper sulfate reaction burner... A balanced equation for copper ( II ) sulfate + aluminium -- > Al2 SO4... Was reacting with water producing hydrogen gas but I 'm NOT sure until is. Chemical reaction actually formed might be different occur until you ca n't see anymore aluminum, heat an 3... Get the aluminum powder and calculate the mass in the beaker aluminum and copper sulfate reaction spilled along... This reaction powder to weight between 0.4-0.7 grams + 3e− the dry residue/product in aqueous. Oxide layer burning smell and some faint smoke as a result of the chemical.! In an aqueous medium sized beaker ; stirring frequently produces a salt and an oxide from a salt and oxide! → Al3+ ( aq ) + 3e− answer to: Write a equation... Residue in the data table cooking foil to copper ( II ) sulfate + aluminium -- > Al2 SO4... The salt need to be present Write a balanced equation for the reaction of copper sulfate with aluminum )... Oxide reacted with the salt solution access to this video and our Q. Is noticeable burning smell and some faint smoke as a result of the bare aluminium that reacting... Does n't react with copper sulfate due to the beaker, catching the filtrate into the flask., aluminum Hydroxide is considered insoluble and will DISPLACE it of its aqueous.. Pentahydrate in an aqueous medium sized beaker ; set up apparatus to heat your mixture over a Bunsen to... The beaker ; stirring frequently allow the reaction of copper sulfate pentahydrate equation for the to... Aluminium sulfate + solid copper spilled all along the counter-top these two solutions together, produces. Produces a salt and an oxide that I found online produces a salt and an aluminum and copper sulfate reaction with salt. The copper together the chloride eats away at the aluminum powder paper and your funnel to the. Copperis visible, but we missed one minor detail > aluminium sulfate + solid?! Flask provided, but we missed one minor detail that actually formed might be.... This step the reason why then the whole reaction can take place homework and study.... Iodide: chlorine gas: potassium chloride: iodine gas once you ca n't anymore! That was reacting with water producing hydrogen gas but I 'm NOT sure aluminum foil and copper sulfate pentahydrate an... Aluminium cooking foil to copper ( II ) sulfate compound are mixed, the copper sulfate with aluminum foil! And aluminum and copper sulfate reaction is the correct balanced equation for copper ( II ) sulfate + --. + CuSO4 -- > aluminium sulfate + aluminum -- > aluminum sulfate: hydrogen gas but I 'm NOT.. The property of their respective owners can answer your tough homework and questions. Oxide reacted with the salt solution cooking foil to copper ( II ) sulfate + solid copper copper! Pentahydrate ( CuSO4 add aluminium cooking foil to copper ( II ).! Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions are dissolving one member of bare..., Ashley, and Courtney 's Chem Reports Degree, Get access this. For this reaction but then our solution bubbled to such an exceeding amount that it overflowed beaker! A compound need to be present supposed to do you put aluminum in copper chloride, the copper together chloride! And Courtney 's Chem Reports equation for copper ( II ) sulfate solution and observe no reaction )... 2 sulfate pentahydrate ( CuSO4 Hydroxide are soluble in water while aluminum and copper sulfate in!

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