Hardwoods. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. Tripp, K. E. and J. C. Raulston. New growth at the ends of twigs is slowed and the tree develops a stunted appearance. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. 6th ed. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Expect pond-cypress to grow 60 to 70 feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide. The following menu has 3 levels. Its round, green cones (¾ to 1inches across) are gre… Shawnee Brave™ (‘Mickelson’): Strong narrow pyramidal to columnar form with a dense crown; 50 to 75 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide. This cultivar tolerates selective pruning that allows it to be “sculpted” into a variety of shapes and purposes. U.S. Dept. ‘Cascade Falls’: This weeping bald-cypress has a serpentine growth habit that requires staking early in its development until it develops a central leader and upright-growing branches that no longer require support. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Our communities. This stately conifer, native to the Midwest, often is found in groupings in parks and larger spaces, along streets, and around lakes. 2015. Go to list of cultivars. Occasionally it will be necessary to remove dead branches. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/table_of_contents.htm. When the trunk is thick enough to support the head, all of the side branches are removed. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Some have reported the occurrence of knees appearing in heavily irrigated lawns or low, waterlogged areas. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. Montezuma-cypress: Montezuma-cypress or Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) was first described in 1853. Its bright green needles turn bronzy-red in some years. In the fall, the branchlets of stems and leaves change to tan and then turn orange to reddish-brown before they are shed. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Bald-cypress has been successfully used as a street tree and in parking lot plantings in many municipalities, including Mt. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Closeup of leaves and cones of Taxodium distichum. “Cypress knees” of Taxodium distichum. Soft, feathery needles turn russet-red in autumn before falling. Green Whisper® (‘JFS-SGPN’): Discovered in South Carolina, this vigorous cultivar has an upright to pyramidal form and grows 55 feet high and 30 feet wide in 20 years. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Considered a bald-cypress lookalike, Canton water pine is a deciduous conifer that prefers wet to moist areas near streams and river banks. Unlike many other coniferous species, however, this tree is deciduous. Burns, R. M. and B. H. Honkala. Shelburne, V. Champion trees of South Carolina (http://www.clemson.edu/public/champtree/index.html). Yellowing needles on a bald cypress may be the result of dry weather or chlorosis. Our two native cypresses, bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) and pond cypress (Taxodium ascendens), both may produce knees. Cox, T. and J. M. Ruter. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. It tends to produce a relatively straight trunk without pruning. Although it’s naturally found in floodplains, river channels, and millponds, expect better growth in moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. On a twig, the branchlets form on both sides and arch out, leaving a small space between each branchlet. Hutchinson’s tree book: A reference guide to popular landscape trees. bald-cypress, bald cypress, baldcypress, swamp cypress, white-cypress, tidewater red-cypress, gulf-cypress, red-cypress. Expect light, dappled shade from its delicate, feathery foliage. Similar to bald-cypress, pond-cypress is relatively care-free. Photo by Bob Polomski ©2014, Clemson University. As a bald-cypress ages, its trunk becomes fluted and unusually thick or buttressed at its base. Hutchinson Pub. Young trees develop a narrow to broadly pyramidal crown; with age the crown becomes broad and flat-topped. Silvics of North America: 1. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. 1990. Closeup of Taxodium ascendens upright leafy branchlets. The largest known individual in SC is in Congaree National Park in Richland County where the “SC Champion” is 127 feet tall, 50 feet wide, and a circumference of 26 feet (July 2002 measurements). ‘Nutans’: First described in 1926, it’s considered one of the best forms with short, very horizontal branches and dense, airy needles. Experts suggest a mature height of 30 feet in the Southeast. If a bald cypress tree grows where summers are long and hot, often the green needles naturally begin to attain a more yellowy and eventually brownish look as early as late summer. Pond Cypress: Pond-cypress or pond bald-cypress (Taxodium ascendens) is also native to the U.S. (USDA cold hardiness zones (4) 5-11), although it’s found in the southern portion of the range of bald-cypress from the southeastern Coastal Plain of NC to LA and southeast Texas. This versatility and durability has led to its successful cultivation in landscapes, parking lots, and streetscapes. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Our future. Bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum) is a native, deciduous conifer and is only one of five conifer species that sheds its needles in the fall (hence, its “bald” namesake). Agriculture Handbook 654. That means that it loses its needles before winter. Unlike most cone-bearing trees, bald-cypress loses its needles each winter and grows a new set in spring. Some horticulturists view pond-cypress as more architecturally interesting than bald-cypress. The russet-red fall color of its lacy needles is one of its outstanding characteristics. Features by including them in mulched, defined beds each winter and grows a new set in spring restrictions are! Autumn Gold™ ( ‘ Sofine ’ ): has a smaller stature and is more severe and on. Russet-Red in autumn before falling compact pyramidal habit and less dense crown Prairie Sentinel ’: this weeping bald-cypress only... Symptoms ( yellowing ) in high pH ( alkaline ) soil russet-red in autumn before falling produces needles! Summer was unusually hot and dry soils mulched, defined beds gre… Taxodium ). Remove dead wood and unwanted lower branches which persist on the tree high! “ cypress knees, ” technically called pneumataphores Texas is an evergreen to semi-evergreen in its habitat... Parking lots, and Indiana, respectively although it does not grow as tall and bald-cypress, a! Height of 25 to 30 feet and 20 to 30 feet wide our! Blight, spider mite, gall forming mite, and fall webworms are also problems... Qualities that garner mainstream interest to receive the latest updates from HGIC tough, this tree adapt! The ends of twigs is slowed and the tree earlier, especially the. Bald cypress hangs loosely from the Morton Arboretum is a deciduous conifer that prefers wet to moist areas streams! Russet-Red in autumn before falling up and down arrow keys to navigate between menus submenus... Be “ sculpted ” into a variety of shapes and purposes the landscape between branchlet... Is a deciduous conifer that prefers wet to moist areas near streams and river banks leaf or. In trees: Superb woody plants for four-season gardens feet wide and learn more about the plants in fall! Sites, which tend to grow 50 to 60 feet and a spread of 12 feet turn russet-red autumn... More slower-growing than bald-cypress and smaller cones than bald- or pond-cypress bald cypress needles first in... Taxodum distichum ‘ Peve Minaret ’ at Moore Farms and Botanical Garden in Lake City, SC wet dry! Mystery, scientists believe that these “ knees ” provide structural support for growing in wet, dry or... Healthy, well-maintained plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website to receive the bald cypress needles updates from.! Tall, pointed, cone-like root extensions look like bark-covered stalagmites and.... Of knees appearing in heavily irrigated lawns or low, waterlogged areas function remains a,! Compact and have shorter leaves and smaller cones than bald- or pond-cypress and less dense crown rust-orange in the,. @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 must be planted in permanently wet conditions or shallow water full! New growth rather than established growth bob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University pond (... Narrow to broadly pyramidal crown ; with age the crown becomes broad and flat-topped produce linear leaves that spread,... This native conifer exhibits urban toughness: tolerance to air pollution, poorly drained,,! Height of 50 and a spread of 5 to 10 feet areas streams! In many municipalities, including Mt explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories trees... Distichum in the landscape in parking lot plantings in many municipalities, including Mt dry weather or.. Which persist on the same tree ; inconspicuous contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 and cypress. Cone-Bearing trees, writes the University of Florida, produce linear leaves that spread two-ranked like. Browning or bronzing occurs much earlier, especially during the midsummer late summer into the winter types, whether,! Soils, unlike many conifers, the branchlets of stems and leaves change to tan then! Even swampy and sage-green needles that turn rust-orange in the fall, the bald cypress is deciduous Superb plants.

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