Colorado Springs, Colorado Ste. West Related Studies: Fluoride & IQ: 67 Studies. Their reasons were many. 3/21/97 If the measure had passed, the council would have been forced to fluoridate, but Measure M’s failure did not guarantee that the council would not fluoridate, which is the reason the council revisited the issue. Optimally fluoridated water is the single most cost-effective strategy that a community can take to improve the oral health of its residents. 3/8/99 5/21/97 Kailspell, Montana Providence City, Utah Hutchinson, Kansas SOURCE: http://fluoridealert.org/news/olivehurst-votes-to-remove-fluoride/. 10/17/92 3/5/02 Tooele, Utah Without changing the Municipal Code, San Diego began water fluoridation 2/2011 DETAILS: The Municipal Code was preempted by California law requiring fluoridation in any water district with at least 10,000 active connections, when an outside funding source is available. SOURCES: http://www.pressdemocrat.com/news/1855515-181/sebastopol-votes-to-oppose-county ; http://www.cleanwatersonomamarin.org/. Santa Cruz, California With the passage of AB 733 in 1995, water systems with over 10,000 service connections are required to implement water fluoridation once funding is identified. 4/7/98 San Jose is the largest city in the country without fluoridated water. Washoe County, Nevada SOURCES: http://www.fluoridealert.org/news/napa-city-council-rejects-grand-jury-recommendation-to-fluoridate-its-water/ ; http://napavalleyregister.com/news/local/napa-resists-putting-fluoride-in-its-water-supply/article_17765df6-7d4a-11e1-a426-001a4bcf887a.html, Olivehurst Public Utility (OPUD), Yuba County:  Rejected fluoridation (2/22/2013). 7/15/97 Genevieve, Missouri Goldendale, Washington 10/22/91 3/98 San Francisco and northern Peninsula communities have received fluoridated water for about 50 years. Kennewick, Washington California 9/14/00 Albany, New York 2/6/93 8/25/97 North Carolina 2/1/96 11/6/01 North Redington Beach, Fla. Squamish, British Columbia Without funding from an outside source, there is no state requirement to fluoridate. SOURCE: http://www.thenhf.com/mammoth-lakes-california-enacts-safe-drinking-water-initiative/, Manila, Humboldt County: Rejected fluoridation (02/2008), defeating a proposal to fluoridate water provided by Humboldt Bay Municipal Water District (Advisory Measure A), in a landslide vote of 164 to 60 . 3/6/00 SOURCES: http://fluoridealert.org/news/manila-measure-b-defeated-fluoride-denied/ ; http://fluoridealert.org/news/humboldt-bay-regional-water-provider-scraps-fluoride/, Modesto, City of, Stanislaus County (Charter City): Rejected fluoridationin the defeat of Measure M, and in a vote of the Modesto City Council (11/7/2001)”to drop the idea of fluoridating tap water.” DETAILS: A majority of council members personally favored fluoridation for dental health, but acknowledged “convincing voter disapproval” in the voter defeat of Measure M by more than 60 percent of of the vote. Suisun City, Solano County: Rejected fluoridation (05/01/1997). El Cajon, Cal. Woods Cross, Utah Worchester, Mass 11/04/97 Rejected fluoridation (03/1999) when the City Council passed an ordinance  prohibiting the addition of any substance to the water, including fluoride, that is intended to treat humans, rather than improve the drinkability of water. X – Riverview Water District, San Diego County: Rejected fluoridation (3/24/1999) , but has been fluoridated since 2007, when its supplier Helix Water District began water fluoridation. 11/4/93 San Antiono, Texas Santa Rosa, City of, Sonoma County (Charter City): 152 on the CDPH fluoridation priority funding schedule. SOURCES: http://fluoridealert.org/news/modesto-city-council-puts-formal-end-to-flouride-plans/ ; OHCD_June_Board_Report [pdf], Morgan Hill, City of, Santa Clara County: Rejected fluoridation (03/07/1990) on the independent initiative of City of Morgan Hill water department employees, who stopped ordering fluoridation chemicals for the seventeen groundwater wells that are the City’s exclusive source of water. 8/15/01 NOTES 11/7/00 Rejected fluoridation (3/2/1999) when Santa Cruz voters affirmed a 1998 City Council ordinance prohibiting fluoridation without a vote of the people, passing a ballot measure prohibiting the addition of any substance, including fluoride, that is intended to effect humans physically or mentally rather than treat the water. Thurmont, Maryland Instead, the Commission funding will be directed to other oral health activities such as primary prevention, early intervention, and treatment services. Sebastopol, City of, Sonoma County: Rejected fluoridation (2/4/2014). 3/12/98 Brisbane, Australia Council voted against fluoridation in 2011. 3/7/90, Washoe County (Reno, Lake Tahoe), Of the 50 largest cities in the country, six do not add fluoride to their water and or have enough naturally occurring fluoride to optimally prevent tooth decay. Marion Standish of the California Endowment, a non-profit charitable offshoot of Blue Cross, reported (3/1999) that the California Endowment has granted $10 million for the purpose of implementing Santa Cruz fluoridation, but is “not intent on forcing the funds on unwilling communities.” Whether the grant triggers the AB733 fluoridation mandate has yet to be tested. Santa Barbara, California Texarkana, The California Supreme Court declined to hear the case (02/2006), finding that, if the California fluoridation mandate applies to a community, a vote of the people has no standing. 11/7/00 Hot Springs, Arkansas The report pegs these services at $49,750 for one year. The trial court and the intermediate appellate court ruled in favor of the state and its fluoridation mandate. In 2008, First 5 Commission of San Diego County provided almost $4 million to cover fluoridation equipment and operating costs for … Ste. 5/19/92 A s California faces its fourth year in a drought, the farming region of Tulare County, located three hours north of Los Angeles, is at the epicenter of the crisis. Bremerton, Washington — Some cities that have never fluoridated: Montreal. Modesto, 3/2/99 : 67 studies an outside source, there is no state requirement to fluoridate on... 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