This chart shows per capita CO 2 emissions from coal, oil, gas, flaring and cement, measured in tonnes of CO 2 per year. China is the biggest emitter at 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions, followed by the United States at 13%, the European Union at 7.8% and India at 6.7%.1. A typical passenger vehicle emits about 4.6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year. Land use, land-use change and forestry is another major contributor (7%) to human-made CO2 emissions, mostly due to deforestation. The United Kingdom was the world’s first industrialized nation – and first fossil-fuel CO 2 emitter. As the world leader in CO 2 emissions, China is a key focus for climate change mitigation. Search this site ... Overview; Contributors; Contact; What's new? Bunker fuels include international aviation and shipping are not included in country totals. The EU (27) is considered a country in this chart. But to fully tackle the climate crisis, we will need deep reductions across all sectors, big and small. If we are to avoid much more dangerous and costly impacts, current levels of greenhouse gas emissions must be slashed in half by 2030 and reach net-zero by mid-century. Due to increasingly stringent emissions regulations, the gap has narrowed between tailpipe emissions benefits from NGVs and conventional vehicles with modern emissions controls. There are several ways for individuals to reduce their carbon footprint, including eating less red meat, choosing to walk, bike, carpool or public transportation instead of driving their cars, and using reusable containers or bottles instead of buying individual packaging. The middle column of the chart above shows emissions by end-use activities, helping us understand the specific activities from which emissions stem. A small number of countries contribute the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions, with the top 10 emitters accounting for over two-thirds of annual global greenhouse gas emissions. Switching to renewable energy, electrifying the transportation sector, introducing more sustainable agriculture practices, curbing deforestation and forest degradation, and producing less waste are a few key ways to drive greenhouse gas emissions downward and set the world on course for a safer future. ↩︎. Where are these emissions coming from, and who is responsible? CO2 Emissions per capita (tons) CO2 Emissions (tons, 2016) Population (2016) 1: China: … The largest emissions sources, like the energy sector, are good places to start. Fluorinated gases (comprised of HFCs, PFCs, SF6 and NF3) from industrial processes make up 2% of global emissions. Global energy-related CO 2 emissions flattened in 2019 at around 33 gigatonnes (Gt), following two years of increases. Numbers are in millions of tons in the year 2015. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are greenhouse gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. Compared to 1990, EU28 fossil CO2 emissions were 21.6% lower in 2018 at 3.46 Gt CO2, representing 9.1% of the global share and equivalent to 6.8 t CO2/cap/yr in per-capita terms which is above the global per capita average (4.97 t CO2/cap/yr). In the United States, energy use has increased in the past five years most likely due to greater heating and cooling demands and cheaper oil prices increase the number of people traveling. View a static version of this graphic here. The world is looking at these developed countries to lead the initiatives for lowering CO2 emissions. These gases are much more potent than CO2 in terms their global warming potential, and often provide overlooked opportunities for mitigation. The distribution across different fuel sources is very dependent on energy production and mix in a given country. Sign up for the weekly WRI Digest. 10 G Street NE Suite 800Washington, DC 20002, USA, Phone +1 (202) 729-7600Fax +1 (202) 729-7610, Chile's Enhanced Climate Plan Sets an Example for Other Countries, Everything You Need to Know About the Fastest-Growing Source of Global Emissions: Transport, Como o Brasil pode liderar na questão do clima, How Brazil Can Emerge as a Climate Leader, Reducing HFCs in the US Would Benefit Consumers and the Climate. Increased travel by automobiles is the predominant reason transportation emissions are on the rise. Carbon dioxide (CO2) comprises 74% of greenhouse gas emissions. This resulted mainly from a sharp decline in CO 2 emissions from the power sector in advanced economies1, thanks to the expanding role of renewable sources (mainly wind and solar PV), fuel switching from coal to natural gas, and higher nuclear power output. The “Other industry” covers a wide range of activities, including non-metallic metals, construction, mining and quarrying, textile and leather, wood and wood products, transportation equipment, and more. Activities driving most energy emissions include road transportation (11.9% of total emissions), residential buildings (10.9% of total emissions) and commercial buildings (6.6% of total emissions). This increase comes after almost a decade of a decrease in energy use. In general, developed countries have higher CO2 emissions. In comparison, emissions from the largest-emitting subsector within the energy sector, electricity and heat generation, increased 78% from 1990-2013, but then dropped by 2% between 2013-2016. This number can vary based on a vehicle’s fuel, fuel economy, and the number of miles driven per year. Emissions from those activities include both direct emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, as well as indirect emissions such as use of electricity. Note that emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry (LUCF) are not allocated to countries in this chart as values can be negative. When looking at China’s figures are about one eighth of the biggest CO 2 emitter per person and half of the United States. China has the highest level of CO2 emissions, producing 904.07 million tons of carbon … Here we rank the top 20 highest emitters of annual carbon dioxide in 2018 (the most recent available data). Unfortunately, CO2 emissions are increasing around the world and the nations that are emitting the highest amounts are not doing enough to reduced emissions. Among the top 10 total greenhouse gas emitters, Canada and the United States have the highest per capita greenhouse gas emissions at 22 tCO2e per person and 18 tCO2e per person, respectively, while India has the lowest at 2.4 tCO2e per person. By comparison, both the EU28 (-1.9%) and Japan (-1.7%) reduced their fossil CO2 emissions. 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