He selected the occasional light colored sport produced from the popular broiler cross of Barred Plymouth Rock roosters and New Hampshire hens. It was once of relative importance to the U.S. chicken industry, but today is critically endangered. Hens are excellent brown egg layers laying 200-280 eggs a year, as well as being broody. It is similar to the Columbian color seen in some breeds, but has barring in the dark portions, rather than uniform black. In the days before the Cornish-Rock Cross, they were the most popular broiler birds and are still a top pick for those looking for a sustainable heritage breed flock. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. [4], In the early 20th century, crosses of Barred Plymouth Rock roosters on New Hampshire hens was a common choice for producing broilers. Breed Size Large Fowl The Delaware Blue Hen, is a land race of chickens that were developed during the American Revolutionary War. They're a lovely, calm white breed with black feathers around the neck and the tip of the tail, and with some black striations also working their way into the back. Breed Size Large Fowl Delaware aka Indian River was developed in the 1940s in the United States by George Ellis in the state of Delaware. The Delaware is a dual purpose chicken with a single comb and a layer of brown eggs. Delaware … Occasionally, this mating produces sports with light coloration. The Delaware unlike many chickens has only one variety—the Barred Silver Columbian. Beginning in the mid-1950s, commercial farms began to use the White Cornish-Rock cross that would come to dominate the chicken industry into the next century. Maximum Size: 8 lbs; The Delaware chicken is an excellent breed to consider if you want a bird that will produce both meat and eggs. Delaware chickens have yellow skin. This bird is also cold hardy. Delawares appear in a single color type: a white body and breast, with light black barring on the ends of the hackle, wings and tails. Unlike the most common commercial meat birds in use today, the Delaware does well in free range operations. The birds originated from a strain of gamecocks owned primarily by Capt. Also a white bird woul… Delaware is a fast-growing, fast feathering bird that loves to forage. Delaware Appearance. Production: Matures quickly, making it an ideal breed for meat production. Add to that the fact that these chickens also have a great temperament and you will begin to see why Delaware chickens are a fantastic addition to your backyard flock. Delawares are hardy birds that mature quickly. He first chose to call them Indian Rivers, but later the name was switched to match its state of origin. He wanted a bird that would maintain good egg production but increase meat production too. Blue Hen of Delaware Facts: Size: Male: 5 Ibs. The Blue Hen of Delaware is a chicken breed that is not only the state bird of Delaware, but also has a storied past that dates back to the Revolutionary War. Delaware chickens are cold hardy and have a single comb. The APA Delaware belong to this Poultry Class: American The Delaware was admitted to the APA in 1952 There is only one variety recognized by the APA and being a LF (Large Fowl) or Bantam chickens. It is primarily suited to meat production but also lays reasonably well. Standard Size: The standard Delaware are a large fowl chicken that are excellent dual purpose fowl and have great large egg and meat qualities. By breeding these white (genetically silver) sports intentionally, George Ellis of Delaware created the breed in 1940. [5] The Delaware rapidly became the premiere broiler fowl in use in the region,[2] thus affecting the industry at large. Class: AmericanType: Large Fowl & BantamSize: Heavy (7-8 lbs)Rarity: RarePurpose: DualRecognized Varieties: White, Egg Laying: Very Good (4/wk)Egg Color: BrownEgg Size: Large, Comb Type: Single CombCrested: NoFeathered Legs: NoNumber of Toes: 4, Cold Hardiness: Hardy in winterHeat Tolerance: Not especially heat hardyBears Confinement: Bears confinement wellEspecially Docile: YesSetter/Broody: YesPersonality: Quiet, friendly. With males weighing 8.5 pounds (3.9 kilos) and hens 6.5 pounds (3 kilos), the Delaware is a medium-sized breed. Chicken Breed Information - Delaware - The Delaware is a relatively new breed of chicken, having only been developed in 1940. [1] Also of note is that all feathers have a white quill and shaft, which, combined with yellow skin, makes for a cleaner appearing carcass. [4] In 1952, it was recognized for exhibition by acceptance into the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfection.[5]. Although they aren’t the heftiest chickens you will find, weighing only about six to eight pounds, they are phenomenal egg … Egg Color and Size Cold Hardy Behavior Brooding/Best Coop Recommendation Egg Laying Delaware 6.5-8.5 brown yes well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, docile broody Best Coop: Amish Chicken Mansion for 12-18 excellent Dominique or Dominiker 5-7 brown yes well adaptable to confinement or free range; They have rather large, bright red colored single combs and wattles. Maximum Size: 8 lbs; The Delaware chicken is an excellent breed to consider if you want a bird that will produce both meat and eggs. The creation of the Delaware chicken was in many ways happenstance.It all started with the Rhode Island Red.As the Rhode Island Red breed was being refined for better eggs and meat, several white ‘sports’ were created.In the 1940s a fellow called George Ellis saw potential in these birds and started working with them. In the 21st century, the Delaware is considered a critically endangered breed by organizations such as the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy. They possess all the potential of a commercial breed with all the personality of a backyard chicken. Although they aren’t the heftiest chickens you will find, weighing only about six to eight pounds, they are phenomenal egg … They're a cross between New Hampshire Reds and Barred Plymouth Rocks with the goal of maintaing the prolific egg production of these two breeds but increased meat value. They're a cross between New Hampshire Reds and Barred Plymouth Rocks with the goal of maintaing the prolific egg production of these two breeds but increased meat value. The Delaware breed and temperament really offers the best of both worlds. It was once of relative importance to the U.S. chicken industry, but today is critically endangered. ©2005-2020 MY PET CHICKEN, LLC. The Delaware is a breed of chicken originating in the U.S. state of Delaware. [2] Like most standard breeds of chicken, the Delaware has a miniaturized bantam version; however, these are rarely seen. Chicken Breed Picture Bird Size lb. Day Old Delaware Baby Chicks Hatching February through August Delaware chickens are among the fastest growing of the heritage breeds and the hens are good brown egg layers, making them an excellent dual purpose breed. At first, he named the breed Indian Rivers but later came to name them Delaware after the state they were created in. These traits make Delaware a great dual-purpose chicken to raise for the local farmer or backyard chicken owner who wants both meat and eggs. It has plumage of a unique pattern, and is accepted into poultry standards for showing. The speedy adoption of the Cornish-Rock saw the decline of the Delaware, though it persisted in some areas into the 1960s. The Delaware is a breed of chicken originating in the U.S. state of Delaware. Weight: Hens are good layers[3] of large to jumbo brown eggs and will go broody. It is primarily suited to meat production but also lays reasonably well. Chicken breeds of Canada and the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Delaware_chicken&oldid=924972160, Conservation Priority Breeds of the Livestock Conservancy, Chicken breeds originating in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2019, at 01:21. Plumage is nearly white with black feathers … He crossed the New Hampshire hens with the Barred Plymouth Rock roosters to create Delaware. The rooster weighs eight pounds and the hen six. It has plumage of a unique pattern, and is accepted into poultry standards for showing. The Delaware is a relatively new breed of chicken, having only been developed in 1940. In temperament, it is a calm, but not a typically friendly bird although in some cases can be. Delaware was created in the Delmarva Peninsula, became a fast favorite as a premier broiler in this regi… [2] It is also included in Slow Food USA's Ark of Taste, a list of heritage foods. Delaware was created in 1940 by George Ellis from Delaware. At the time, the Delmarva Peninsula, where the breed was created, supplied chicken to the entirety of the East Coast of the United States through companies such as Perdue Farms. They perform well in the cold and will fare even better if their combs are protected from frostbite with the help of some petroleum jelly. The "Blue Hen chicken" was designated the official state bird of Delaware April 14, 1939. Official State Bird of Delaware. Delaware Chickens were originally developed in the state of Delaware in the 1940s, by crossing Barred Plymouth Rocks and New Hampshire Chickens. With all the potential of a backyard chicken owner who wants both meat and eggs they possess all the of... 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