Utilitarianism believes in the concept of the ‘end justifies the means’. These are the important differences between the two schools of thought regarding morality, namely, Utilitarianism and Deontology. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. The meaning of the word ‘deontology’ is ‘the study of duty’. [Public Domain], Wikimedia Commons, 2.”Immanuel Kant (painted portrait)” by unspecified [Public Domain], via Wikimedia Commons, Filed Under: Behaviour Tagged With: consequentiality, deon, Deontology, ethical behavior, logos, Morality, study of duty, Utilitarianism, Nedha is a Graduate in Sociology and holds an Advanced Diploma in Psychology. Morality is a means to some other end; it is in no way an end in itself. However, when paying attention to Deontology it is different in comparison to Utilitarianism. Immanuel Kant, the ethics systems celebrated proponent, formulated the most influential form of a secular deontological moral theory in 1788. Jerica asked: Discuss the chief advantages and disadvantages of utilitarianism and deontological theory. She is currently employed as a lecturer. These are associated with morality. Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people. Space does not allow for a detailed critique of utilitarianism here. Deontological ethics has at least three important features. Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense. Not only that it directs individuals to do what is right or wrong; moreover, it makes them do what is in the best of their conscience. The morality of an action is determined by the outcome of that action. Thank you for your help. This does not mean that consequences of acts are not relevant for assessing those acts. Thus, it can be understood that deontology follows scriptures that show sufficient light on the rules of conduct or moral rules and intuition. It is the morality of an action that can determine the morality of its outcome. On the other hand, it says ‘the end does not justify the means.’ This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology. Nevertheless, justified or unjustified, deontological ethics imply that humans are ends in themselves with intrinsic value. Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). But consequences are not what make the act right, as is the case with utilitarianism. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. 1.”JohnStuartMill”. Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty. Healthcare follows the utilitarianism principles to a great extent. Hence, the followers of utilitarianism school of morality give more value to the outcome of an action. There are several schools of thought regarding morality. • Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’ whereas Utilitarianism does. Think specifically about how the theories would work in a concrete situation. Utilitarian Ethics Vs Deontology 1515 Words | 7 Pages. It is interesting to note that according to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. • Utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character but, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act (e.g., an act of stealing) or rule (e.g., “Keep your promises”) is intrinsically right or wrong. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good (e.g., pleasure, happiness, health, knowledge, or satisfaction of individual desire) produced in the consequences of doing that act or following that rule. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. All rights reserved. The rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is, at least in part, a matter of the intrinsic moral features of that kind of act or rule. One main problem is that utilitarianism, if adopted, justifies as morally appropriate things that are clearly immoral. In such a context, the attention paid to the manner in which a goal is achieved is insignificant. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. Do I Drink Virtuously? Difference Between Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Curriculum and Instruction, Difference Between Lacunae and Osteocytes, Difference Between Interstitial and Appositional Growth, Difference Between Methylacetylene and Acetylene, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside, Difference Between Bleaching Action of SO2 and Cl2, Difference Between Collagen Elastin and Reticular Fibers. Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. For example, utilitarianism can be used to justify punishing an innocent man or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. • Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account whereas, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. Another important difference between the two schools of thought regarding ethical behavior is that, utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character. With intrinsic value the manner in which a goal is achieved is insignificant but, deontology is exactly the of. Following is an excerpt from article DE197-1 from the Greek word deon means! Between the two terms us determine which action is determined by the outcome of an action the with... The most influential form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people laid. Attempts to highlight the differences between the two schools of thought regarding morality and from! Is all about the result of an action system is intended to be and. 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