This is one of the important principles laid down by the ethical school of thought called deontology. Utilitarianism believes in the concept of the ‘end justifies the means’. Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation. Immanuel Kant, the ethics systems celebrated proponent, formulated the most influential form of a secular deontological moral theory in 1788. But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number. • Utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character but, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. On the other hand, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. Morality is a means to some other end; it is in no way an end in itself. However in Deontology, the end does not justify the means. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. The word “deontological” comes from the Greek word deon which means “binding duty.”. As a matter of fact, the term was first used by the philosophers John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment. In such a context, the attention paid to the manner in which a goal is achieved is insignificant. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. This can be identified as the main difference between the two concepts. There are several schools of thought regarding morality. This is why one can comment that Utilitarianism does not stress on the code of conduct. Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people. First, duty should be done for duty’s sake. It is totally dependent on scriptures. Provide a concrete example to support your response. This word is derived from the Greek words ‘deon’ and ‘logos’. Do I Drink Virtuously? For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. [Public Domain], Wikimedia Commons, 2.”Immanuel Kant (painted portrait)” by unspecified [Public Domain], via Wikimedia Commons, Filed Under: Behaviour Tagged With: consequentiality, deon, Deontology, ethical behavior, logos, Morality, study of duty, Utilitarianism, Nedha is a Graduate in Sociology and holds an Advanced Diploma in Psychology. Looking “Along” A Review of Moral Combat: How Sex Divided American Christians and Fractured American Politics by R. Marie Griffith, She Who Has Eyes, Let Her See: A look at Didn’t See That Coming by Rachel Hollis, BoJack Horseman: Loneliness in a Godless Universe, HBO’s Westworld and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. These are associated with morality. Her research interests are mainly in the fields of Sociology, Applied linguistics, Sociolinguistics, and Linguistic anthropology. It’s the support of friends like you that enables CRI to keep these articles FREE. Another important characteristic in Utilitarianism is that it does not pay special attention to codes of conduct. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. Nevertheless, justified or unjustified, deontological ethics imply that humans are ends in themselves with intrinsic value. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. Consequences help us find what is our duty, they are not what make something our duty. Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). According to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. The stress is laid on the end that the means, of getting there, becomes only secondary. Deontological ethics has at least three important features. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } • Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account whereas, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. In sum, according to utilitarianism, morality is a matter of the nonmoral good produced that results from moral actions and rules, and moral duty is instrumental, not intrinsic. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. She is currently employed as a lecturer. One main problem is that utilitarianism, if adopted, justifies as morally appropriate things that are clearly immoral. Moral statements do not say, “If you want to maximize pleasure vs. pain in this instance, then do such and such.” Rather, moral statements are imperatives or commands that hold for all examples of the type of act in consideration, such as truth telling. Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense. A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton, Perspective Matters: Looking “At” vs. Another important difference between the two schools of thought regarding ethical behavior is that, utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character. However, when paying attention to Deontology it is different in comparison to Utilitarianism. Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. 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