European beech is primarily distinguished from the similar American beech (Fagus grandifolia) by (a) smaller size, (b) darker gray bark, and (c) shorter leaves that have wavy mostly untoothed margins. European colonists brought this tree to America in the mid-1700s and it has been a popular ornamental shade tree since that time. Purple Weeping Beech ( F. sylvatica ‘Purpurea pendula’) awakens to spring with a river of tender, dark purple leaves that flow from its branch tips. The beech tree is a deciduous tree. Q: If we send you a sample of beech, can you tell us if the wood is American beech or European beech? Smaller than typical European Beech cultivars, this is a well-mannered, elegant tree that grows to a height of about 30 feet and a spread of about 20 feet. European beeches are less adapted to the heat of the south (zones 7b and higher) than the American beech. European beech tolerates alkaline and less-than-ideal soils more so than American beech. A: There are no identification features that … parks, in-stitutional grounds, or estates, as a specimen tree. It can be used in large area landscapes, e.g. In fact, if the water table isn't The differences between American beech and European beech lumber. There are no cultivars of the American beech, but there are many cultivars of the European beech (see Additional Information section). Beech wood has many local and commercial applications including flooring, boat construction, chests, furniture, lorries, musical instruments, plywood, and much more. Knowing about American Beech and European Beech life span is important as life cycles vary and are affected by environmental and genetic factors. Plant Needs European Beech will tolerate shade, as does American Beech, but thrives in full sun. European colonists brought this tree to America in the mid-1700s and it has been a popular ornamental shade tree since that time. 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