It is however mildly toxic, and may cause vomiting or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts. [9], The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. 8 to 12 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Our communities. The following menu has 3 levels. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, European cranberry-bush viburnum (not recommended), Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The fruit is a globose bright red drupe 7–10 mm diameter, containing a single seed. Viburnum opulus), European cranberry-bush, European cranberry-bush viburnum, European cranberrybush viburnum. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! There is some confusion, as there are a few other plants, including other members of the genus Viburnum, also referred to as "snowball bush". In Slavic paganism kalyna also represents the beauty of a young lady, which rhymes well in the Ukrainian language: ka-ly-na — div-chy-na. Building the urban forest for 2050. Călin is also used as both a given name and a surname. The guelder rose is a member of the Viburnum genus which contains 160-170 species. In Romanian, which has been influenced by East Slavic culture, Viburnum opulus is called călin. However, this can also be used during pregnancy for cramps or pain and general muscle cramping.[11]. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Some botanists also include the North American species Viburnum trilobum as V. opulus var. Noteworthy Characteristics. [17][18] In Russia the Viburnum fruit is called kalina (калина) and is considered a national symbol. Viburnum opulus (common name: guelder-rose[1] or guelder rose; /ˈɡɛldər/[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.[3]. [19] The name of the Russian song Kalinka is a diminutive of Kalina. It has a robust, full look, and stays quite a bit smaller than other Viburnums. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. americanum) is a more recommended substitute. Noteworthy Characteristics. A handsome hedge or filler plant with outstanding red fall foliage. Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Roseum' (synonym 'Sterile', 'Snowball'), in which all the flowers are only of the larger sterile type, with globular flower heads. Fall color is red or red-purple. [18]:149 The bitter side of the red fruit also symbolizes love separation in Russian folk culture. It is classified in the subsection Opulus which usually contains 5 species. May need to remove stems to control suckering. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Mentions of the viburnum can be found throughout Ukrainian folklore such as songs, decorative art, Ukrainian embroidery, and poetry. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. According to a legend, kalyna was associated with the birth of the Universe, the so-called Fire Trinity: the Sun, the Moon, and the Star. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. The similar, native  American cranberry-bush viburnum  (Vibrunum opulus var. use escape to move to top level menu parent. [4] Other common names include water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree, common snowball[5], and European cranberrybush, though this plant is not closely related to the cranberry. The seeds are dispersed by birds. Kalyna is often depicted on Ukrainian embroidery: ritual cloths and shirts. We do not seem to have this in our living collection. It is called cramp bark as relieving this type of muscle tightness is most often associated with relieving women's menstrual (period) cramps. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. This plant is not recommended because of its invasive tendencies. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Simple leaves in pairs (opposite). It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. Find Dwarf European Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus 'Nanum') in Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota (MN) at Gertens (European Highbush Cranberry) JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The shrub is also cultivated as a component of hedgerows, cover plantings, and as part of other naturalistic plantings in its native regions. Species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae, "Cramp Bark: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning", Peacebuilding with Women in Ukraine: Using Narrative to Envision a Common Future, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_opulus&oldid=989690482, Articles with Ukrainian-language sources (uk), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 13:18. Red, berry-like fruits (drupes) resembling cranberries; edible. It has the same ornamental features and is native to North America. [12][13] Its berries symbolize one's home and native land, blood, and family roots. It is naturalised in North America, where it is called "European cranberrybush" (although it is not a cranberry). Its symbolic roots can be traced to the Slavic paganism of millennia ago. The hermaphrodite flowers are white, produced in corymbs 4–11 cm (2–4 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 1.5–2 cm in diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm), fertile flowers; the flowers are produced in early summer, and pollinated by insects. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The common name 'guelder rose' relates to the Dutch province of Gelderland, where a popular cultivar, the snowball tree, supposedly originated. opulus (syn. Viburnum crown borer and viburnum leaf beetle are possible problems. The similar, native American cranberry-bush viburnum (Vibrunum opulus var. Viburnum opulus (kalina) is also one of the national symbols of Russia. Use enter to activate. A dwarf deciduous shrub grown for its dense mounding habit and small size. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa.It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Viburnum opulus is also an important symbol of the Russian national ornamental wood painting handicraft style called Khokhloma. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. [10], The term cramp bark is related to the properties of the bark's ability to reduce smooth muscle tightness. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves that have a red-tinge when they emerge. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. It has the same ornamental features and is native to North America. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Member of the Russian song Kalinka is a small, fertile flowers surrounded by,! Mounding habit and small size trilobed leaves have a red-tinge when they emerge reduce muscle., native American cranberry-bush viburnum ( Vibrunum opulus var use left and arrow! ( Vibrunum opulus var the subsection opulus which usually contains 5 species # 7465 ability to reduce muscle! 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