As a self-proclaimed “wood nerd”, Rick has become an invaluable educator to the Architect and Design communities specifically regarding wood flooring specie selection and design. Most of the French oak for barrels comes from one of five forests, some of which were originally planted during Napoleonic times for shipbuilding. The wood in Q. robur is generally more dense than in Q. sessilis, and usually produces a wider-grained wood with higher tannin content. Botanically, European Oak and White Oak both belong to the genus Quercus, which contains over 300 species, but they are composed of completely different groupings of species within that genus. American Oak Flooring Compared To European Oak Flooring As a wood species, oak is one of the toughest options available, making it a really popular choice for both furniture and flooring. People generally assume that tighter grained wood is more dense. It has 3 traditional cuts. Nomarl length and width for European Oak flooring: 1900x190mm / 2200x220mm / 2200x260mm / 2200x300mm European Oak. In fact, Oak is the staple of the lumber industry, by far the most popular specie and most widely utilized in our culture. So, in a slow growing Oak tree, due to the higher proportion of large, open, hollow vessels, the wood is less dense. Oak from the Limousin region of France tends to have much higher tannin content than Oak from the nearby Departments of Nievre and Allier, despite the similar climate. In many areas these species grow side-by-side and easily hybridize. In a previous Wine Words post I gave a general overview of oak as it pertains to wine. In Oaks, the spring growth consists of large open vessels, whereas in summer growth, the pores are relatively small. Due to its proximity to China, a major wood flooring manufacturing center, this Q. mongolica is actually what's being used in many of the products now being sold mistakenly as 'European Oak.' In North America, genetics play less of a role in tannin content, as the tannin content among the various species of the White Oak group is similarly low. {see below: EUROPEAN OAK vs. RUSSIAN OAK ] Illegal harvesting of Q. mongolica in protected areas of the Russian Far East has also been one of the major drivers of habitat loss affecting the endangered Siberian Tiger. Within a particular species, localized soil quality and the individual tree’s access to water and sunlight impact the tree’s growth rate, which plays a role in determining tannin content. In North America, genetics play less of a role in tannin content, as the tannin content among the various species of the White Oak group is similarly low. ‘CREATING COLOR FROM WITHIN – NATURAL REACTIVE COLOR PROCESSES’, European Oak is more uniform gray in color, whereas White Oak tends to have more yellow and pink undertones, European Oak tends to have tighter grain than White Oak, European Oak tends to be more knotty than White Oak, European Oak has higher tannin content than White Oak, making it more rot-resistant and more suitable for reactive staining, fuming/smoking and other natural color processes. That being said, in European Oak, genetic differences among species play a much larger role in determining tannin content than does the latitude of the forest or the growth rate of the trees. It seems the French managed their forests rather better than the English during the 18th and 19th centuries – in the 20th centrury the whole of the developed … Posted on May 8, 2016 November 1, 2020 by John. Please feel free to contact your A+D consultant to begin working with our award-winning, turnkey solution. It’s advisable to look at the moisture content of oak flooring before making your final decision. Q. sessilis is tall and slender, with fewer low branches and consequently fewer knots. Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …. Across all species, the tightness of the grain is determined by the growing conditions of the tree. Due to the slow growth rates in these cold northern forests, it will take a long time for the ecosystem to recover. So, wood from a slow-growing tree with tighter grain (a larger proportion of spring growth) will contain more tannin than a fast-growing tree with wider grain (a larger proportion of summer growth). Click to submit a photo of your Monarch Plank installation to be eligible for cash and prizes. Colour: European Oak is darker with a naturally rich golden honey hue, while American Oak is lighter … It’s all in the way it is cut from the log. Better work for rustic look. So what really makes European Oak so unique? lenbergi, Q. stellata, Q. macrocarpa, Q. Iyrata, and Q. durandii. 1.With more color variation. The fact that Q. robur is wider-grained but also more dense seems to be a contradiction - see below under ‘TIGHTNESS OF GRAIN & DENSITY’ for an explanation of why this is the case. Other European Oak species of lesser significance include: Q. afares, Q. macranthera, Q. longipes, Q. imeretina, Q. iberica, Q. pedunculiflora, Q. lamugnosa, Q. farnetto, and Q. mirbeckii. EUROPEAN OAK VS. WHITE OAK The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. • Tighter grain structure producing a more dense timber suitable for flooring. The Europeans have a technique that involves taking a “square” from the center of a log, called a cant, and slicing it straight through. A slower growth rate will result in tighter grain. This is because the Limousin Oak is mostly composed of Q. robur, whereas the Nievre/Allier Oak is mostly composed of Q. sessilis. Many variables are in play with oak aging. 2.Chaotic grains distribution (sometimes) 3.Large knots in star-like shape. Most White Oak lumber sold in North America contains some percentage of Q. alba, and that percentage can be close to 100% in some forests in the Great Lakes region, resulting in greater color & grain uniformity. Most of the French oak for barrels comes from one of five forests, some of which were originally planted during Napoleonic times for shipbuilding. There is no overlap among the White Oak and European Oak groups. Also, Q. mongolica has been overharvested, often through illegal logging, and is now a protected tree species under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Although it might not… Designers and Architects who specify wood flooring, veneers, cabinetry or millwork on projects are intimately familiar with Oak. One of the main reasons for oak being so tough is the age of the oak … So, wood from a slow-growing tree with tighter grain (a larger proportion of spring growth) will contain more tannin than a fast-growing tree with wider grain (a larger proportion of summer growth). The most common is Plain Sawn, also referred to as Flat Cut, which showcases a traditional Cathedral grain pattern. All other things being equal, trees that grow farther north and therefore more slowly will have higher tannin content than comparable wood from further south. 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