Many variables are in play with oak aging. https://woodwright.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Woodwright-European-Oak.jpg, https://woodwright.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/WW_2020_Logo_WEBSITE2.png, Wood Flooring Design Program in Your Design Library, Contact your Architect and Design Consultant. French Oak Barrels. Woodwright’s newly expanded manufacturing facility at 425 Regal Row in Dallas is engineering “Eurocut” on a regular basis. The fact that Q. robur is wider-grained but also more dense seems to be a contradiction - see below under ‘TIGHTNESS OF GRAIN & DENSITY’ for an explanation of why this is the case. Most of the Oak being harvested in the Russian Far East is processed in factories in China and sold in the United States, where it is usually labeled as ‘European Oak.’, In general, European Oak has roughly double the tannin content of American White Oak. The main forests, mostly located in central … Today I am going to explain in more detail the difference between American oak and French oak. It also has a slower growing cycle, which produces a tighter grain. The first Rioja at the tasting was aged for 17 months in 100% new French oak with a Medium Plus toast. To start off, both American oak and French oak are species of white oak. That’s one of the reasons French Oak is considered special and is so prized by wine, furniture and flooring manufacturers. A slower growth rate will result in tighter grain. So, in a slow growing Oak tree, due to the higher proportion of large, open, hollow vessels, the wood is less dense. Click to submit a photo of your Monarch Plank installation to be eligible for cash and prizes. Some American mills have recognized the popularity of the European Oak and are now supplying us with lumber and flooring that they cut in the same manner as the European method. Although it might not… As you move East into Germany and eventually Eastern Europe,  Q. robur becomes less common. Oak from the Limousin region of France tends to have much higher tannin content than Oak from the nearby Departments of Nievre and Allier, despite the similar climate. As a self-proclaimed “wood nerd”, Rick has become an invaluable educator to the Architect and Design communities specifically regarding wood flooring specie selection and design. In many areas these species grow side-by-side and easily hybridize. Even within Western Europe, tannin variation in the Oak caused by different species mixtures can be extremely localized. That higher tannin content also allows us to create unique and natural-looking colors via chemical processes that react with the tannins. A slower rate of growth (tighter grain) is characterized by a greater proportion of spring wood and a smaller proportion of summer wood. ‘CREATING COLOR FROM WITHIN – NATURAL REACTIVE COLOR PROCESSES’, European Oak is more uniform gray in color, whereas White Oak tends to have more yellow and pink undertones, European Oak tends to have tighter grain than White Oak, European Oak tends to be more knotty than White Oak, European Oak has higher tannin content than White Oak, making it more rot-resistant and more suitable for reactive staining, fuming/smoking and other natural color processes. Some people refer to European Oak as ‘White Oak,’ but the truth is that European Oak is quite different from the wood that we call ‘White Oak’ here in North America. Most of the French oak for barrels comes from one of five forests, some of which were originally planted during Napoleonic times for shipbuilding. The Europeans have a technique that involves taking a “square” from the center of a log, called a cant, and slicing it straight through. In Oaks, the spring growth consists of large open vessels, whereas in summer growth, the pores are relatively small. Q. sessilis is tall and slender, with fewer low branches and consequently fewer knots. But those aren’t the only reasons we avoid Russian Oak. Some producers use only French … The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. Our A+D Consultants are happy to collaborate with you to create a visually stunning and unique project. Its presence in our daily lives goes unnoticed to most, yet it is everywhere. 08 May. The allure and interest surrounding true European Oak, most of which comes from France or Germany, has an interesting explanation. Due to its proximity to China, a major wood flooring manufacturing center, this Q. mongolica is actually what's being used in many of the products now being sold mistakenly as 'European Oak.' The most common is Plain Sawn, also referred to as Flat Cut, which showcases a traditional Cathedral grain pattern. Which oak is used? Oak from Russia, especially the Far East, usually features black veining running parallel to the grain, a characteristic of American White Oak whose absence in true European Oak is one of the things that makes it so attractive. People are intrigued with its uniqueness because it is unlike product that most Americans associate with Oak. Even within Western Europe, tannin variation in the Oak caused by different species mixtures can be extremely localized. A different mix of species means that Oak from Western Europe tends to have higher tannin content than Oak from Eastern Europe and the Russian Far East, despite the colder climate. Other European Oak species of lesser significance include: Q. afares, Q. macranthera, Q. longipes, Q. imeretina, Q. iberica, Q. pedunculiflora, Q. lamugnosa, Q. farnetto, and Q. mirbeckii. One of the main reasons for oak being so tough is the age of the oak … This is because the Limousin Oak is mostly composed of Q. robur, whereas the Nievre/Allier Oak is mostly composed of Q. sessilis. 2.Chaotic grains distribution (sometimes) 3.Large knots in star-like shape. Some of the Oak that is sold as 'European Oak' is actually from the Russian Far East and consists mainly of Q. mongolica, a species that doesn't grow in Europe at all and has very different characteristics from true European Oak. English oak vs. European oak. In addition to the fact that true European Oak (from Western Europe) is more dense than Russian Oak, we also find that it has a more beautiful grain structure. Colour: European Oak is darker with a naturally rich golden honey hue, while American Oak is lighter … Some American mills have recognized the popularity of the European Oak and are now supplying us with lumber and flooring that they cut in the same manner as the European method. In Northern Appalachia and the forests of Missouri and Kentucky, White Oak tends to contain a higher percentage of Q. bicolor and Q. macrocarpa. Posted on May 8, 2016 November 1, 2020 by John. It has 3 traditional cuts. We hope you get as much benefit from it as his clients do. The French Oak is processed and qualified according to the strict norms of the FNB; they have classification rules and specific drying methods whereas the European Oak comes from any Oak, anywhere in Europe the age and species of the Oak do not matter, as long as it is Oak … Be sharing his wood knowledge with you open vessels, whereas the Nievre/Allier Oak is mostly composed Q.! 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