We travelled to France without visiting Paris. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are … It is the -en form of the verb in German. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. Most German infinitives end with -en (springen/to jump), but there are also some verbs that end in the infinitive with -ern, -eln, -n (wandern/to wander, hike, sammeln/to collect, sein/to be). . . Of course, the infinitive forms of German verbs are not too complicated. Please send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng@wisc.edu. Verbs stand in final position in dependent clauses and phrases. zu + infinitive = “instead of” + present participle. Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. zu + infinitive = “without” + present participle. All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. Example: Ich kann bald wie ein Profi spielen. In the interactive exercises you can test your knowledge. Tenses and Moods . I tried to come. 4: Verbs with prefixes; adjective endings, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Sie liest nicht jeden Tag die Zeitung. zu is used with the infinitive: after other verbs; Ich versuchte zu kommen. Word Order in German Infinitive Clauses. I don’t have the time to do any sport. Es ist schwierig zu verstehen. Sie hat keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen. Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. after adjectives; Es war leicht zu sehen. . Privacy policy. Well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think. Ich habe keine Lust. Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. . Instead of working we went to the cinema (movies). . Common Infinitive Constructions. In the same way English does, German permits infinitive phrases to refer to completed actions, by using an infinitive form of present-perfect tense. The German infinitive! → Ich hoffe, bald wie ein Profi spielen zu können. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: There are three prepositions that in infinitive clauses take on special but commonly used meanings: um . Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. This construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive construction. It was easy to see. Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. She has no time to read the paper every day. Ich helfe ihm nicht. Using the infinitive. Infinitive constructions in German. zu + infinitive = “in order to”. To construct infinitive clauses, we use the word zu with the infinitive of the verb and put both of these words at the end of the clause. ohne . With Lingolia’s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use the infinitive without zu. I’ll be able to play like a pro soon. © 2020 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Infinitive constructions in German. The German infinitive is used in the following tenses and moods: The future: Er will morgen arbeiten./He wants to work tomorrow. Compare the preceding, modal example with the following, completed-action example. She studies hard in order to pass the exam. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. Sie hat keine Zeit. after nouns; Ich habe keine Zeit, Sport zu treiben. Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with or without the preposition zu. In German grammar, the infinitive is often used together with a conjugated verb. Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. To make your German flow, you can link two clauses by using um...zu…, which means 'in order to'. . But there is a grammatical construction, where the German infinitive plays a more difficult role: The German infinitive … It’s hard to understand. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. anstatt (sometimes statt) . 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