However, in the race to grow the hottest pepper, the ghost chili was superseded by the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper in 2011 and Carolina Reaper in 2013. In 2005, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute in Las Cruces, New Mexico[16] found ghost peppers grown from seed in southern New Mexico to have a Scoville rating of 1,001,304 SHUs by HPLC. [18] However, the red fruit variety has two different types: the rough, dented fruit and the smooth fruit. It is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens and is closely related to the Naga Morich. Compared to other pepper varieties, Ghost Pepper plants are generally small and compact. Growing Challenges. If growing ghost peppers in containers, use a … Wear gardening or rubber gloves to protect your hands, and snip off the peppers rather than pulling them off. It is popularly used in combination with pork or dried or fermented fish. 70-80 BLACK HUNGARIAN 3-4” fruits black ripening to red. [23][24] The DRDO said that ghost pepper-based aerosol sprays could be used as a "safety device", and "civil variants" of chili grenades could be used to control and disperse mobs. The Seeds Germinate Because peppers are tropical plants, they germinate best in warm soil temperatures. It has also been called the Tezpur chili after the Assamese city of Tezpur. Compact yet prolific plants yield large peppers great for roasting. [22], In 2009, scientists at India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced plans to use the peppers in hand grenades as a nonlethal method to control rioters with pepper sprays or in self-defence. [10] In Assamese, bih means poison and zôlôkia means chili or pepper, making the literal translation poison pepper, obviously referring to its extreme spiciness. Freezing the peppers allows you to preserve the garden-fresh flavor. Soak seeds in a little water overnight before sowing. All Capsicum plants share the same life cycle: germination, growth, pollination, fruiting and ripening. “Ghost Peppers” take between 100 to 120 days to reach maturity from germination. The ghost chili is rated at more than one million Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). [4], In Assam,[9] the pepper is also known as bih zôlôkia ('poison chili'), denoting the plant's heat. Bell PepperScoville Heat Units: 0. Ghost peppers reach full maturity when the chiles are bright red, with a slight wrinkle to the skin. Ghost peppers are very hot peppers. Sensitive to over fertilization, changes in temperature, and other environmental stressors, ghost pepper plants must have a growing season of longer than three months in temperatures of above 70 F. (21 C.) in order to be grown outside. Ghost peppers require a long growing season – up to 150 days from planting to harvest – so it’s best to start seeds indoors at least eight to 10 weeks before the average last frost date in your area. [25] Chili grenades made from ghost peppers were successfully used by the Indian Army in August 2015 to flush out a terrorist hiding in a cave. 80-85 BIG JIM ANAHEIM Tapered long fruits ripen green to red. Because they are so incredibly spicy, a little bit of “Ghost Pepper” goes a long way. Also known as Bhut Jolokia, Ghost Peppers average 2-3″ at full maturity. [6] It is used in both fresh and dried forms to "heat up" curries, pickles and chutneys. Cultivars", "NMSU: The Chile Pepper Institute - Home", "Novel Formation of Ectopic (Nonplacental) Capsaicinoid Secreting Vesicles on Fruit Walls Explains the Morphological Mechanism for Super-hot Chile Peppers", "World's Hottest Chile Used as Elephant Repellent", "The Gut-Wrenching Science Behind the World's Hottest Peppers", "Army's new weapon: world's hottest chili - Trends News - IBNLive", "South Asia | India plans hot chilli grenades", "India scientists hail 'multi-purpose' chillis", "Army used 'chilly grenades' to flush out Pak terrorist Sajjad Ahmed from a cave", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghost_pepper&oldid=990612633, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red is the most common, with orange, yellow and chocolate as rarer varieties, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 14:12. It is extensively cultivated in northeastern India, especially in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. 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