Gringo Bandito Classic Variety Pack.  This name is especially common in other regions where it is grown, such as Assam and Manipur. Common ghost peppers will be bright red when ripe. Provide your ghost pepper plants with a fertilizer that is high in potassium. Plant Size: Ghost pepper plants that are 36 inches away from other plants typically grow to about four feet tall. Growing ghost peppers in your garden will provide you with plenty of home grown heat for the entire season and more.  For comparison, Tabasco red pepper sauce rates at 2,500–5,000, and pure capsaicin (the chemical responsible for the pungency of pepper plants) rates at 16,000,000 SHUs. Cultivars", "NMSU: The Chile Pepper Institute - Home", "Novel Formation of Ectopic (Nonplacental) Capsaicinoid Secreting Vesicles on Fruit Walls Explains the Morphological Mechanism for Super-hot Chile Peppers", "World's Hottest Chile Used as Elephant Repellent", "The Gut-Wrenching Science Behind the World's Hottest Peppers", "Army's new weapon: world's hottest chili - Trends News - IBNLive", "South Asia | India plans hot chilli grenades", "India scientists hail 'multi-purpose' chillis", "Army used 'chilly grenades' to flush out Pak terrorist Sajjad Ahmed from a cave", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghost_pepper&oldid=990612633, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red is the most common, with orange, yellow and chocolate as rarer varieties, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 14:12. 2011. Soil requirements: They do best in loamy, well-drained soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 6.8. But know: a little ghost will go far. Lack of moisture can inhibit fruit production. Under ideal growing conditions, a … It’s a perfect chili for extreme hot sauces or simply spicing up a soup or chili. You will want to ensure that you keep the soil moist, especially after the first blossoms show up. 4 feet tall. Redwood City Seed Company, Observations on the variations in the Bhut Jolokia pepper from seed reproduction growouts. For germination, you will need soil temperatures of at least 80 degrees. In 2005, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute in Las Cruces, New Mexico found ghost peppers grown from seed in southern New Mexico to have a Scoville rating of 1,001,304 SHUs by HPLC. And importantly: due to the plant’s high capsaicin content, wear gloves when harvesting and avoid touching your hands or face. Dissolve a tablespoon of Epsom salts in water and spray the solution directly onto the plant. Ripe peppers measure 60 to 85 mm (2.4 to 3.3 in) long and 25 to 30 mm (1.0 to 1.2 in) wide with a red, yellow, orange, or chocolate color. Further, they typically have a spread between 1 and 2 feet (0.30 and 0.61 meters). If you intend to grow them in containers, make sure your pot is at least eight inches deep and 11-12 inches wide. Matt Bray | Last Updated: September 5, 2019 | Growing Peppers, Fun & Learning, You are here: Home / Growing Peppers / The Ghost Pepper Planting Guide: A To Zing. If you choose to grow ghost pepper plants, this how to guide will help you a lot.  The DRDO said that ghost pepper-based aerosol sprays could be used as a "safety device", and "civil variants" of chili grenades could be used to control and disperse mobs. Like grapes grown for wine, hot peppers are incredibly complex. In India, the warm season can last for longer than five months; in addition, the plants are subjected to intense humidity during this part of the year. Raised beds are ideal for ghost pepper planting as they help to maintain a higher soil temperature. Chili size: When fully ripe, peppers are usually between 2.5 and 3.5 inches long and 1 to 1.2 inches wide.  However, the red fruit variety has two different types: the rough, dented fruit and the smooth fruit. Our ghost pepper planting guide walks you through important fast facts and must know steps to bring this popular extreme chili pepper to life in your back yard. Ghost pepper pods are unique among peppers because of their characteristic shape and very thin skin.  It is used in both fresh and dried forms to "heat up" curries, pickles and chutneys. Dips below 70 degrees can easily kill your plant while excessively high temperatures (above 90 degrees) can cause blossoms to fall which means that plants may not produce fruit. The ghost pepper, also known as bhut jolokia (which literally means Bhutanese chili in Assamese), is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. However, in the race to grow the hottest pepper, the ghost chili was superseded by the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper in 2011 and Carolina Reaper in 2013. Common Name.  The pepper's intense heat makes it a fixture in competitive chili-pepper eating. , In 2009, scientists at India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced plans to use the peppers in hand grenades as a nonlethal method to control rioters with pepper sprays or in self-defence. Note that some water stress is necessary for optimal heat.  Other usages on the subcontinent are Saga jolokia, Indian mystery chili and Indian rough chili.. In fact in year 2007 it was rated as the spiciest foods by the Guinness World Record. Mature Size. Water requirements: Soil should be kept moist but not muddy.  In Assamese, bih means poison and zôlôkia means chili or pepper, making the literal translation poison pepper, obviously referring to its extreme spiciness.
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