So how long do pepper plants live? The Capsicum chinense peppers can live several years, providing they are in a warm climate. But even in South Florida, they won’t necessarily live all year around — we do get chilly weather, and even as I write this, I’m expecting freezing temperatures tomorrow night. At any rate, 3 full years of growth ain’t bad I guess. i have had some orange habaneros since 2011, in phoenix arizona, i have to protect them from the sun during the crazy summer months, and the few weeks of cold during winter. That may mean a combination of south-facing window along with some supplemental light (grow lights). The base or trunk is about an 1 1/2″ in diameter. (In containers, they may only go up to 2 feet.) Each year it drops nearly all the leaves and regenerates. Although "annum" is Latin for "annual," Capsicum annum is, ironically, a perennial plant in its native environment. they produce really well when the temperature is within flowering range. In fact in year 2007 it was rated as the spiciest foods by the Guinness World Record. Thanking in advance, they are not as large as the year before. All that makes me wish to know how peppers live in HI islands. I am really impressed. I have a bell pepper plant about 2 years old, you can call it a bush. Can’t wait for my first peppers so I can make some ghost poppers with the first harvest! Your average pepper plant belonging to the species Capsicum annuum is generally grown as an annual. Capsicum annum includes an incredible range of pepper shapes -- from the long, tapered cayennes to blocky, sweet bells. Sometimes twice a season if the weather is right. While they may not be perennial in the sense of living years on end, there are varieties that can grow several years — if you have the right climate. And if it survives, will it produce peppers again? My first try at this began in 2011 and has garnered a jalapeño (tree) as it is about 3 1/2 feet tall with a tree like base that each season if pruned back slightly produces in excess of 300 fruits. It does not produce in the summer, but it goes crazy in the fall and spring. i do not want to pull them out. Harvesting Peppers – Picking Purple Peppers, Pepper Garden Walk-Through Video – June 2020, Starting Pepper Plants Indoors – Seed Starting Under the Dome, Planting Pepper Seeds Experiment – Planting Domes. Will I be waiting till next summer to see new leaves and fruits? Maybe more productive to plant new twice a year? Can You Plant Sweet and Hot Peppers Close Together? Although I have had some pretty long-lived jalapenos, they eventually get woody and die off. If you’re growing your pepper(s) in a container, you can try moving them indoors when the weather cools down. Much better. Exceptions of note are the Habanero or Scotch bonnet varieties; those very hot varieties are members of Capsicum chinense. Again Thank You for the real good info. I’ve never tried pruning a jalapeno, though, to see if I can revitalize it — that’s something I’ll have to try this year. i was asking the same question, when i came across this site. Just remember that you will need to give it lots of supplemental light and keep it warm (where it stays at least in the mid 70’s during the day). I had success in transplanting the bush indoors through the winters. I also have a Bute Jolokia that looks healthy and an orange sweet pepper that may or may not survive winter. If you choose to grow ghost pepper … MANY hundred peppers have been harvested from this plant. We are in SW Florida. The leaves fall off during winter and they get covered in snow. Ghost pepper plants, otherwise known as Bhut Jolokia, are a type of hot pepper plant grown in India. It looks healthy now, curious if it will survive till next year. (Read this one first, though, because it has additional information.). Ghost peppers were considered as one of the hottest pepper in the world. I’m growing a Chili Pepper from summer and its still fruiting indoors of course I have t5 lights on them for about 5 hours a day, they show no sign of aging but they are getting woody like a small orange tree. Thanks, Charles! However, I have heard tell of a few here and there that have survived a winter inside, and then to went on to produce more peppers the following year. Your site has giving some real good info. Any one there in HI with peppers several years old? Plant Size: Ghost pepper plants that are 36 inches away from other plants typically grow to about four feet tall. Thank you for the insight! The climate here seems to be perfect for hot peppers. You can certainly try it and see what happens. My ghost pepper plant has lived for quite some time kept outside in sunny florida, I get a production que of around 2000 peppers per year from just my one plant. Just keep in mind that your pepper still needs plenty of sunlight; without sunlight, all the warmth in the world won’t extend your pepper’s life. Last year I build pvc green houses for my peppers. Is a Hungarian Hot Pepper Hotter Than a Jalapeno Pepper? I have gotten more then a couple hundred in it’s life. VV. Ghost poppers replace jalapeño poppers!!! If any one is looking for seeds just drop me an e-mail for price and seeds we have. At this time of year, I don’t know that you’d find anywhere to buy the scotch bonnet plants, as it’s too chilly for them (unless you have a greenhouse). It’s not the norm, but it’s really nice when you get one that does last. Peppers are really warm-weather plants, and they can’t handle frost and freezes. How long do pepper plants live, anyway? As of today we have around 200+ plants making peppers. Again Thank You for the real good info. United States Department of Agriculture: Plant Hardiness Zone Map, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Capsicum annum, Vegetable Garden Companion for Planting Bell Peppers. In theory, this means you can grow this species in a warm greenhouse as a perennial. Let’s take a look at the life of a pepper plant. . I have had a habanero plant in Okinawa for over a year. I bought a green bell pepper plant in June and it grew in pot and produced 5-6 small green-red bell peppers till now and have couple of them growing on the plant. The same general rules apply to the other species; they need warmth and plenty of sunlight in order to keep growing. I also have a Serrano that is now in year three and is producing similar results. This year I will have over 6 houses to build. I would like to know how it works. 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