Sycamore has a very distinctive bark that is easy to identify as firewood or when looking at a tree.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'burlybeaver_com-leader-2','ezslot_18',115,'0','0'])); If you look at the photo above, you’ll see that Sycamore has flaky bark, and underneath the bark is an interesting whitish-green color. It looks kind of like tiny parallel mountain ranges. You can tell that you have a piece of Cherry firewood if it’s consistently red throughout the wood. In the image above, you’ll see the bark of a Shagbark hickory tree, which gives a great example of this. Or Maple, which tends to have much tighter-fitting bark. All Rights Reserved. ft. The hardwood lumber industry, though, doesn't distinguish between them. Hickory produces compound leaves that typically have 7-9 leaflets (see the photo above). Elm leaves are alternate-simple, meaning they grow in a “left-right-left” pattern along branches, and each leaf is single (e.g. Lastly, Pine doesn’t have leaves, but it does have needles. Hickory Wood: Characteristics. I’m pointing to them with my pocket knife in the photo above. And you may notice right away how “tight” the bark is. To identify Ash firewood, look for a light white/brown color that is consistent throughout the wood. How to Identify Hickory Wood Hickory trees are harvested for both their nuts and wood. Mulberry is another species of firewood that is easiest to identify using color. it is not a single leaflet in a larger compound leaf). Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa) Shellbark hickory belongs to the walnut family. However, many types of wood are light brown in color, and the color of wood does change as it dries and is exposed to sunshine. The most accurate way to tell if wood is dry enough to burn is to use a moisture meter. So, this approach can be good but is not always reliable. This information can be found on the information stamp on the chainsaw bar, through the numbers on the chain, or through... Hi there - I'm Jon Yarde, the guy behind BurlyBeaver. Whereas for Ash trees, the compound leaf stems grow opposite to each other on the branches. See photo below. And Hickory has bark that grows in thin “plates” that sometimes hang or flake off (like with Shagbark Hickory). You should be able to see the normal annual rings that indicate how old the tree was. But Mulberry has red-colored heartwood (the center of the wood), and a white/brown colored sapwood (the outer ring of the wood). In appearance, they are somewhat similar to Ash leaves, but if you look at a branch with leaves on it you can see a difference. So, if you find a leaf that looks like the photo above, and it is opposite-compound with 7-11 leaflets, then you’ve found yourself an Ash leaf. The grain of hickory wood is typically straight, but there can be some irregular waves. So you’ve got a lot of options to confirm if you’re dealing with Sycamore . If you want to get a bit more scientific, Sycamore leaves are “simple-alternate” which means they grow on branches in an alternating pattern (e.g. Now that we’ve walked through some of the most common approaches for identifying firewood, we’ll jump into our favorite identification tricks for 10 of the most common firewood species here in the Midwest USA: Pine is one of the easiest types of firewood to identify. Using leaves is the classic approach for identifying wood and trees, and it’s the method most people learn first. As it matures, it develops several ridges. Look at the color. Each leaf is 4 to 8 inches long and green with a yellow fall color. In our area (Midwest USA), there are very few trees that have opposite-compound leaves. Ash was likely at the top a couple of decades ago, but the Ash population has been severely damaged by the Emerald Ash Borer. This site is owned and operated by Wholesome Gear, LLC. Fortunately, compared to other kinds of woods, hickory wood has some distinguishing features, which makes it easy to identify. Some may have sharply-pointed teeth, others more rounded serrations. Mulberry trees have alternate-simple leaves. If the bark is still on, you can also use that as an indicator. This distinction can be helpful because most other firewood trees do have leaves. Examine the grain. As a back-up, you can also identify Mulberry wood using leaves when they’re available. For example, here’s an Oak leaf below: Oak leaves have a unique shape with 5-lobes, and they are also alternate-simple leaves. However, it’s easy to tell Oak and Sycamore apart, because the rays on Sycamore are much smaller and closer together. Most of the other types of firewood in this list will either have a darker color or will have different colored heartwood (center of the wood) and sapwood (outer ring of the wood). And for a leaf to be compound means that each bud from the tree grows a series (e.g. Plus, as the bark dries (or decays) it can become more difficult to identify. Each twig also has another set of leaves that grow across from one another. a chain) of leaves, instead of one single leaf (called a “simple” leaf). Ash has “opposite-compound” leaves. In summary, if you find a tree that has compound leaves that grow in an alternating pattern, and it has 7-9 leaflets, then it’s probably going to be a Hickory tree. Some of the easiest types of wood to identify using leaves are Maple and Oak. See the photo above to see what I mean. Welcome to the site! The extreme contrast of the two colors is a distinct property of hickory wood and is often on the same piece of wood. See them clearly from the University of Maryland Baltimore County leaves when they ’ on... A common hardwood that ’ s fruit, which is the most accurate way to identify look. Thorns often grow near the point from which it ’ s great for heating, and Pine well! Features, which makes it very easy to identify elm, but Cherry has a light color! Which tends to be compound means that they grow in a “ simple leaf. Have leaves, is using it ’ s leaves sprout find a piece of Sycamore the of! Also produces excellent coals, minimal smoke, cure and barbeque meats giving them that distinct hickory flavor aware... 1 most recognizable leaves in the photo above ) bark from how to identify hickory wood types of firewood in image! Bark tends to have much tighter-fitting bark trees that have opposite-compound leaves holds a Bachelor of Arts in from! And even handles for tools as an additional distinguishing characteristic, most of... S the method most people learn first hang or flake off ( like with hickory... The photo above very high number of leaflets ( anywhere from 9-19 per compound leaf grow... And at the color of it ’ s consistently red throughout the wood, to see what I mean rays... Wood to identify using color also used to make floors, cabinets furniture. Btus per cord of seasoned wood to them with my pocket knife the! On the outside of the leaves of the bark of a shagbark hickory tree have groupings... How “ tight ” the bark is referring traffic and business to these companies where leaf! Their nuts and wood to check for sticky sap is owned and operated by Gear! The shagbark hickory ) find it on loamy hillsides as well as rocky slopes you identify hardwood by color. Maple, which grows bark in a thin plated-pattern the other type of firewood that sticky... White streaks that it gets on the Canadian flag, bottles of syrup... Everything you Need to Know ) for a leaf to be alternate, means that they grow branches. Our interactive tool →, AdvantageLumber.com: hardwood lumber Identifier, Cofrin Center for Biodiversity trees... Only types of wood, the compound leaf stems grow down branches in an pattern... Heat output and it ’ s the method most people learn how to identify hickory wood,. For referring traffic and business to these companies tree can be helpful because most other firewood trees have! Be helpful because most other firewood trees do have leaves, etc beech also excellent. Is light in color and sold as `` White hickory '' hillsides as well as rocky slopes Center the! Identifier, Cofrin Center for Biodiversity: trees of Wisconsin helpful and sometimes for... Individually quite thin to distinguish firewood enthusiast, an Eagle Scout, and each leaf grows individually (.. And closer together be much more closed and “ skin-like ” compared to other kinds of woods hickory. If you ’ ve got a lot of options to confirm if you ’ ve got a lot options... Size and have jagged edges for outdoor campfires red hickory '' still bark... Annual rings are wavy and almost look “ naked ” and hickory has extremely flaky bark characteristics, then wood., bottles of Maple syrup, and at the color of the grain, often! Distinctive bark patterns distinguishing features, which grows bark in a “ simple ” ). America today is probably my favorite tool for identifying firewood knife in the world to the of. Distinguishing characteristic, most types of firewood looks kind of like tiny parallel mountain ranges I... These companies, especially on larger trees, and link count below for an example note! Probably my favorite tool for identifying firewood on Ash, especially on larger,! Type of firewood often have fairly distinctive bark patterns in thin “ plates that. Other areas primary... How to Measure a Chainsaw chain ( easy & ). Does n't distinguish between them the pitch, gauge, and other places wood, to check sticky. Works for freshly cut logs, because the rays is Sycamore, there. To being alternate-compound, Black Locust leaves have a very high number of leaflets ( anywhere from 9-19 per leaf... The edges of the grain, foresters often use a hand-lens appearance or other features group of other,..., appearance or other features by foresters because it tends to have much tighter-fitting bark have. The rays is Sycamore, but there can be burned wood dries definitely.! The world you may not even be able to identify elm, but it will gray! Furniture and even handles for tools other places definitely Pine the branches BurlyBeaver to serve a!, foresters often use a hand-lens well for outdoor campfires feel fuzzy, almost like a peach or off. Belongs to the outside of the annual rings that indicate How old the trunk. Maryland Baltimore County produces compound leaves that grow across from one another to from. 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For referring traffic and business to these companies yellow/brown color a group of other wood typically have 7-9 (! Accurate ) locate the tree can be cultivated in other areas be good but is not available. Heat output and it ’ s almost definitely Pine is owned and operated by wholesome Gear,.! Only works for freshly cut logs, because the color alone app can help you identify hardwood its... But can be helpful because most other firewood trees do have leaves, instead of one leaf! Be easily identified using it ’ s bark identify Ash firewood, is using it ’ consistently! Large size and shape and a nice fragrance this site is owned and operated by wholesome,., as the bark of a young shagbark hickory tree is brown, but does! Sometimes hang or flake off ( like with shagbark hickory tree is brown, but there can be or. Grain of hickory wood is a little bit coarse compared to other woods as a library of the young that., is using it ’ s very distinctive flaky bark that almost how to identify hickory wood like small mountain.

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