Original: Giraffes like Acacia leaves and hay, and they can consume 75 pounds of food a day. Continue double spacing for the quotation. 6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing. [1] X Trustworthy Source Purdue Online Writing Lab Trusted resource for writing and citation guidelines G… In each case, we begin with a BAD example, or the way NOT to quote or paraphrase. Because Krugman is an expert in economics, these ideas are his and should be cited as such. Short quotations can be included as part of a larger sentence or within a paragraph in the body of your paper. http://www.stevendkrause.com/tprw/chapter3.html. The main ideas need to come through, but the wording has to be your own. To avoid being accused of plagiarism, it is important that you don't try to pass off someone else's words as your own.. Paraphrasing Sentences. When you paraphrase, you restate the original author's ideas in your own words. You still need to cite a paraphrase. Writers often paraphrase sentences and paragraphs to deliver information in a more concise way, as you'll see in the examples below. This is why it is key that you introduce and explain your evidence. For example: In a literary analysis paper, for example, you”ll want to quote from the literary text rather than summarize, because part of your task in this kind of paper is to analyze the specific words and phrases an author uses. Example: The professor said, “The sun is shining.” Paraphrase enables the writer to comprehend the content of a source … A paraphrase condenses the ideas in a quote and changes the original language. For example: In this case, the writer put Paul Krugman's ideas into their own words, but still gave credit for them by naming him as the source. Here is a revision that is GOOD (or at least BETTER): Cameron (2002) points out that computer criminals intent on committing credit card fraud are able to take advantage of the fact that there aren’t enough officials working to enforce computer crimes. Here are a couple examples of what we mean about properly quoting and paraphrasing evidence in your research essays. Whenever possible, you should begin your citation with the author’s last name and the year of publication, and, in the case of a direct quote like this passage, the page number (including the “p.”) in parentheses at the end. Tony’s closest friend and associate is an FBI informant, his mother and uncle are conspiring to have him killed, and his children are surfing the Web for information about his activities. It also follows the rules of APA style. Paraphrasing is a restatement of a quotation using your own words. Focus on the sentences that most effectively support your ideas or arguments, and condense them into a paraphrased statement. Again, this revision is better because the additional information introduces and explains the point of the evidence. If the wording, or even the sentence structure, of the paraphrased text is too close to the wording of the original content, it will look like you are trying to pass off someone else's words as your own. Paraphrasing in APA style is slightly different from MLA style as well. An Example of Plagiarized Paraphrasing. Basically, you are writing something in your own words that still expresses the original idea. For instance, you can imagine a good number of your friends with lifetime conditions but lead a good life in the community. In The Sopranos, the mob is besieged as much by inner infidelity as it is by the federal government. For example, you might directly quote dialogue, poetry, a speech, or a quote that contains unique phrasing. As you can see, the main idea and important details are included in the paraphrased version, though the wording is quite different. Summaries are much shorter than the original passage, while paraphrasing can be shorter, longer or the same length. Press enter to start the quotation on a new line. This revision is improved because the research writer has introduced and explained the point of the evidence with the addition of a clarifying sentence. 1. The main point of this passage is that problems within the family are as bad as, if not worse than, problems caused by the federal government. Here is an example of paraphrasing a paragraph from “Family Values and Feudal Codes: The Social Politics of America’s Twenty-First Century Gangster.” Journal of Popular Culture 37.4 (2004) by Ingrid Field Walker, taken from Duke University Libraries. For example: In this example, Dr. King's exact words are quoted, and he is given credit for them in the sentence. When you paraphrase, cite the original work using either the narrative or parenthetical citation format. For example, you would not need to find an encyclopedia article to back you up if you wrote that the Battle of Gettysburg ended on July 3, 1863, or that the earth revolves around the sun. In this particular example, the author’s name is also incorporated into the explanation of the evidence as well. Criminals are also able to use the technology to their advantage by communicating via email and chat rooms with other criminals. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. When you summarize a passage, you focus on restating only the main idea in your own words. Quoting in APA Style. Generally, APA style prefers that the research writer refer to the author only by last name followed immediately by the year of publication. In each case, we begin with a BAD example, or the way NOT to quote or paraphrase. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card. The following passage is from pages 14 to 15 of Elements of Tragedy, by Dorothea Krook (New Haven: Yale UP, 1969). Here are some examples of paraphrasing individual sentences: 1. (2016) highlight that there is a misconception in American society that hard work is enough to escape poverty. For women as they gained more rights than ever before much by inner infidelity it... Paraphrasing to avoid having too many direct quotes in your paper paraphrased statement remain intact 75 pounds of a... Federal government should use quotation marks even if you are analyzing literature, evaluating! Your information to indent the entire quotation 1/2 inch from the left.! A paraphrased statement refer to the author 's name argue, there is that! To indent the entire quotation 1/2 inch from the left margin in particular... The other hand, common facts like historical dates and basic information not! 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