Hypatia refined several scientific instruments, wrote math textbooks, and developed a more efficient long division method. New York, NY: The Saunders Series. Hypatia belonged to a school of Greek thought whose beliefs were opposite of the dominant Christian religion of the time. Her father acted as her tutor and teacher when training Hypatia in the fields of arts, literature, science, and philosophy. Think of it as a “spell-check for math”. Contributions. He also found a partial solution for the “three body problem”, and discovered that the motion of three stars or planets in space can be completely unpredictable. 2018 Hypatia Contest Solutions Page 2 1. Her murder remained "symbolic by generations of European freethinkers, scientists, and anti-Catholics" (McLeish, 1991). In response, the fanatics caught Hypatia on her way to the University. "An introduction to the history of mathematics" (5th ed.). Hypatia wrote a piece on Diophantus's thirteen volume Arithmetica, which contains 100 mathematical problems… This was one of the famous unsolved problems in mathematics, until it was proven in 2003 by Grigori Perelman. It is through some of his letter's that he wrote to Hypatia that researchers are able to learn more about her. In his letters Synesius credits Hypatia with creating an astrolabe and a planesphere, which were both devises for studying astronomy, as well as instruments for distilling water, for measuring the level of water, and for determining the specific gravity of liquids. ... Hypatia … The University of Houston's College of Engineering presents this … Theon also made his daughter do physical activities, such as rowing, swimming, and horseback riding, to keep Hypatia physically fit. Today, we meet a great 4th-century mathematician. McLeish, J. Nothing of Hypatia's mother is known, but that is not uncommon for this time period. Hypatia’s checkmath automatically checks your math as you type. (1991). Nothing of Hypatia's mother is known, but that is not uncommon for this time period. New York, NY: Fawcett Columbine. (b) After Jon’s third test, his average score was 14, and so the sum of … HYPATIA'S MATHEMATICS by John H. Lienhard. It is unknown how many she wrote because a lot of them were destroyed through the ages. Osen, L. M. (1992). Click here for audio of Episode 215. Discuss errors in Osen's Women in Mathematics entry on Hypatia, Hypatia's work on Diophantus' Arithmetica, and Hypatia's work on Apollonius' Conics, discuss classroom worksheets on Hypatia (Famous Problems and Their Mathematicians by Johnson, p. 41-42, Multicultural Science and Math Connections by Lumpkin, p. 146- 149, Math … Hypatia was born in 370 A. D. in Alexandria, Egypt and was later described as a beautifully and well-proportioned woman. Grinstein, L. S. and Campbell, P. J., ed. "The story of numbers." She was the daughter of Theon who was a distinguished professor at the University of Alexandria. "Women of mathematics." (a) The average of Aneesh’s rst six test scores was 17 + 13 + 20 + 12 + 18 + 10 6 = 90 6 = 15. Anyone believing in this neo-Platonic thought was concidered a heretic because of the disruption that was caused between these two different beliefs. Hypatia attended school at Athens, Greece, and the fame of her mathematical prowess began to spread as she neared the completion of her education. Theon had high expectations for his daughter for he was intent on producing a perfect human being. Hypatia c. 370 – 415 C.E. Most of the writings Hypatia completed were actually meant to be used as text books to help her students with difficult math concepts. "Women in mathematics." Hypatia was trained in speech enhancing her ability to relay her knowledge to others and her giftedness to be an orator. Eves, H. W. (1964). Hypatia was born in 370 A. D. in Alexandria, Egypt and was later described as a beautifully and well-proportioned woman. On returning to Alexandria, she was asked to teach mathematics and philosophy at the same institute as her father. Hypatia developed commentaries on older works, probably including those by Ptolemy, Diophantus, and Apollonius, in order to make them easier to understand. Very few of these instruments have remained. Upon her return to Alexandria, Hypatia was requested to accept the position of Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics … Evidence does show, however, that she wrote commentaries on "The Conics of Apollonius" and "Amagest," which included Ptolemy's numerous observations of the stars, as well as an analysis of her father's edition of Euclid's "Elements." Cmabridge, MA: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. This is the concept that developed ideas of parabolas, hyperbolas and ellipses. It is the ideal math learning tool. Along with her lectures, Hypatia also wrote several treatises. Hypatia is the first woman mathematician about whom we have either biographical knowledge or knowledge of her mathematics. They proceeded to pull Hypatia from her chariout, strip her naked, drag her to the church, butcher her into pieces, and then burn her body. It was here that she lectured on Diophantus' "Arithmetica." In 412, Cyril became the patriarch of Egypt and he encouraged the belief among the people that it was because of Hypatia's friendship with Orestes, the prefect of Egypt, that was the cause of the disruption of Egypt. She is also said to have lectured on people such as Plato and Aristotle. For this reason, Hypatia was a fortunate child. People came from all over the world to hear Hypatia lecture. So, in March 415, Cyril convinced a mob of religious fanatics that the death of Hypatia would bring peace back to Alexandria. It was a brutal death but Hypatia will always be concidered the first woman in mathematics. New York, NY: Greenwood Press. While travelling abroad in Athens, Greece, Hypatia attended a school where she established her fame as a mathematician. Hypatia contributed in many ways to math, with one of her contributions being that she edited the work on The Conics of Apollonius. Her speeches included discussions on the techniques Diophantus developed, solutions to his indeterminate problems, and the symbolism he devised. Hypatia's most famous pupil was Synesius of Cyrene, who later became the Bishop of Ptolemy. She was the daughter of Theon who was a distinguished professor at the University of Alexandria.

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