For now, let’s learn about the instrumental case of adjectives. See that both the adjective and noun end similar? Adjectives, pronouns and (sometimes) participles agreed with their corresponding nouns in case, number and gender. Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Finite verbs agreed with their subjects in … The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. It’s use after prepositions like c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). शिवेन विश्वं कृतम् - Śivena viśvaṁ kṛtam. *Table: Instrumental case, adjectives. Я люблю есть маленькими ложками – I like to eat with small spoons. The universe (viśvam) has been made (kṛtam) by Śiva (śivena)--"Śiva" is the instrument or means by which the entire universe has been made. Например: The instrumental case was somewhat rare and occurred only in the masculine and neuter singular. The instrumental case is called so because it is used to describe the instrument by which and action is performed. For example: забивать гвоздь молотком (to drive in a nail with a hammer), писать ручкой (to write with a pen), ехать автобусом (to go by bus). masculine & neuter feminine Use of the instrumental case with adjectives in the past tense. 4) INSTRUMENTAL CASE: It indicates the Instrument.When you use this case you are "usually" indicating "by, through, by means of, with, along with, together with, etc.". It was often replaced by the dative. Just like with the dative case, the instrumental nouns and adjectives have similarities. Do you need help? Have a look at this grammar table to get extra help (it opens in a new window). Ask Question Asked 5 years, 8 months ago. Viewed 808 times 5. Active 2 years, 2 months ago. When we use a noun in the instrumental case… The rule on the use of ё would apply to ordinary adjectives, too, except that there don't happen to be any end-stressed adjectives with stems ending in a palatalized consonant. "Trusty" is an adjective that, because it refers to the sword (which is the means by which the action is accomplished) is also in the instrumental case. Adjectives. Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). Having "that" and "trusty" in the instrumental case as well as "sword" is an example of case agreement among adjectives, pronouns and nouns. Have a look at this grammar table to get extra help ( it opens in a window! Or describe the profession number and gender to get extra help ( it opens a! 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