The species thrives in moist, but well-drained, deep, sandy soil where it reaches 100' heights and diameters of 3'. The longleaf pine is one of the largest and well-known southern yellow pines. Even this wood you'll want to store for a few weeks in your shop and let it acclimate to the relative humidity. Otherwise, No. By 1909, the south was the principal lu… All Rights Reserved. For Ordering And Pricing Information, Visit our Ordering & Contact Info page. We truly appreciate our friends and customers, and as always we invite you to let us know how we can help. Thank you for stopping by and we hope to hear from you again soon. Longleaf Pine played a key role in the growth and development of the early U.S. economy. Unfortunately, longleaf pine had evolved to withstand fire. Longleaf pine also admirably served as flooring, interior trim, and millwork such as doors and windows … For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Over 900 plants, for instance, are associated with longleaf forests. Mills across the South process the newly appreciated longleaf pine into cabinet-class lumber as well as an extensive list of construction and architectural grades. And John Gould Curtis considered the Longleaf Pine to be the “pride of the south.”. Longleaf Pine lumber, the “King’s Wood,” is not only a rich part of our American history, but a beautiful, durable, and extremely versatile wood. The drier boards carry a stamp that reads either "KD15" or "MC15"-averaging about 12 percent. These products were used in building and maintaining wooden sailing ships, and included turpentine, rosin, pitch and tar. The Louisiana tribes utilized the longleaf pine tree in numerous ways. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Hardness ratings help you choose the right species, How To Make A Translucent Transom with Veneer, Air-drying lumber is more than a matter of time. So use power, not hand tools. Although resin can cause problems in sawing and cutting, it doesn't hinder adhesives, unless there,s an obvious sap pocket in the joint. The long needles of the Longleaf Pine are prized for their many uses. Rout with sharp, preferably carbide-tipped, bits and take shallow passes to avoid burning. For clean cuts, rip with a rip-profile blade having 24-32 teeth. Although “leaf” is in its name, it actually does have needles like other pines, except that they’re longer than the rest. Not only have those needles been used since ancient times in coiled basket making, they now support a multi-million dollar wholesale industry providing “Longleaf Pine straw” for garden mulch and other uses. people have since long exerted vast control and use. Yet in the past, longleaf pine played other serious roles, too. Along with its cousin pitch pine, longleaf pine was an important contributor to the United States' naval stores' industry. Longleaf Pine is often referred to by other names, such as Antique Pine, Heart Pine, Pitch Pine, Georgia Pine, Longstraw Pine, and Longneedle Pine. Because longleaf pine has primarily been delivered to the construction industry, even kiln-dried wood can have a moisture content of from 15-19 percent. Better grades run about $1 per board foot. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Any exceptions-and special tips pertaining to this issue's featured wood species-appear under other headings on this page. In fact, it was declared the “King’s Wood” for shipbuilding when America was first colonized. Its range of applications is nearly endless, with our customers using it for flooring, ceilings, beams, trim, and interior & exterior paneling. 1, 2, etc. ), but not always the clearer finish grades (C, C&Btr.). Rapidly grown plantation trees produce wood with a somewhat coarse texture, resulting from the difference in density between light earlywood and heavier latewood. History records indicate that some of the choicest stands of longleaf were set aside by the English Crown for the exclusive use of the British Navy. They utilized the logs for timber and kindling, while utilizing the needles/pine cones for baskets and trays. It floored Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello plantation, George Washington’s Mount Vernon plantation, and buttressed the keel of the USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”). Let any resin droplets on turned wood dry. In 1928 Roland Harper described the Longleaf Pine as a tree with “probably more uses than any other tree in North America if not in the whole world…” He may have been right. The wood rates as straight-grained, extremely hard, strong, durable, and, at about 42 pounds per cubic foot air-dry, nearly as heavy as sugar maple. Longleaf pines are large trees, which means that you can buy thick, wide boards and timbers greater than 5X5". The pitch or resin was used as a sealer. All pines, but especially long-leaf, tend to darken with age, so select your stain color or clear finish with that in mind. For stability in use, always work wood with a maximum moisture content of 8 percent. The resinous materials were suited for caulking the planking of hulls and decks. The needles and bark were used for medicinal purposes. Much like Douglas fir, longleaf pine has a tendency to chip and splinter on cuts across the grain. They tend to wander in the wood and cause breakout. In fact, it depended on fire to sweep away competing species and underbrush. The longleaf pine is a typical woodland use largely shaped by fires, lightning and by Native Americans. For decades baseball players have used resin on their equipment, and ballerinas have used it on their toe shoes. These may have to be special-ordered. When you're ready to work it, heed the following guidelines. Harvesting and fire suppression combined to decimation of this entire ecosystem. 1 Common and Better will yield about 66 2/3 percent clear cuttings. Before painting, seal any knots or pockets in the wood with shellac to prevent bleed-through. Not only is it a mainstay for the treated-wood and construction industry, but it's finding its way into cabinetry, doors, windows, and other architectural elements. Smooth crosscutting requires at least a 40-tooth blade. Longleaf Pines release their seeds in the fall, when the danger of fire is the lowest. Remember the pitch when routing, too. The hard, heavy wood stood up well to abuse and looked great at the same time. A part of the southern pine family that includes loblolly, slash, and shortleaf pine, longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) grows best in the coastal plain from southern Virginia through the Carolinas into Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and eastern Texas. The trees' pitch or gum was collected, then distilled into turpentine and resin, which was used in the manufacture of paint, varnish, shoe polish, printing ink, and other products. Avoid using twist drills. The difference in hardness between the latewood and earlywood makes the wood very difficult for detail work. It was so admired that it was used in Victorian hotels and palaces. Although botanically classified as a softwood, you'll find longleaf pine to be quite a hard wood. The timber industry has also worked hard to suppress fire. Cones up to 10" long develop in the second season following its blooms. The longer seedlings stay in the grass stage, the more susceptible they are to brown spot needle blight, a common disease of longleaf … Finish-grade boards, generally clear except for a few tight knots, are your best bet for natural-finish projects. When the supply of high-grade white pine began to dwindle, lumbermen looked to southern pinelands. Or, switch to a Teflon-coated blade. After they germinate it is a race against time to grow large enough to survive a ground fire. Drill this wood at faster drill press speeds than hardwood, but make it a practice to back the bit out of deep holes to remove cuttings that might burn. Use brad-point bits and a backing board under the workpiece to reduce tearout. To avoid tearing, feed figured or that with twisted grain at a slight angle (about 15°), and take shallow cuts of about. The term naval stores has changed somewhat over the years, but it originally applied to the products that were made from the resin of the Longleaf Pine. Were ideal for the masts and spars of sailing vessels other serious roles, too 5X5.. Or gum tends to collect on saw blades and other cutting edges in hardness between the latewood and makes! 8 percent of every five houses in the fall, when the danger of fire is the …... Grow large enough to survive a ground fire and spars of sailing vessels considered! 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