Panavia Aircraft GmbH is a German company established by the three partner nations of the Tornado Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA) project, West Germany, Italy and the UK. The West Germans and Italians wanted a more short-range battlefield aircraft (something like the current A-10), but the British, specifically Air Chief Marshal Derek Hodgkinson, argued for a more long range aircraft. Aircraft. Panavia was established in 1969 by the British Aircraft Corporation, Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (which had formed the year before) and Fiat Aviazione (which became Aeritalia that year). [citation needed]. In the late 1960s, the British, German and Italian main defence companies looked at developing a strike aircraft together. In the 1970s, Euromissile was formed by West Germany and Aérospatiale of France. Since its founding the company is based in Hallbergmoos, a municipality in the district of Freising in Bavaria, Germany. Another variant was the Tornado ECR (Electronic Combat and Reconnaissance), developed for the Luftwaffe, and proposed to be sold to the US in 1985. The online magazine Industrial PRIME reports about the Tornado, “a nation-uniting miracle of engineering”: ... Ready to serve for the next decade: Panavia signed MET 28 and 30 Contracts with NETMA, “Over Forty Years and Still Cutting-Edge: The Story of Tornado”. It was initially based in the same building as Panavia. Panavia Aircraft GmbH is a German company established by the three partner nations of the Tornado Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA) project: West Germany, Italy and the UK. The first director of flight operations was Wing Commander Roland Beamont. This company now has a similar mix to Panavia, and also includes the French, being known as MBDA. ‘’The success of the Tornado programme was a result of the holistic view taken from the start, recognizing the customer’s needs would change over the life of the programme and that discipline, good engineering and project management were crucial’’, From ‘’Creating Systems that Work’’ Study by the Royal Academy of Engineering, London 2007, Tornado represents an invaluable opportunity to be at the forefront of new technologies. Since its founding the company is based in Hallbergmoos, a municipality in the district of Freising in Bavaria, Germany. The project failed due to the French manufacturer wanting to produce its own all-French variable geometry aircraft (the experimental Dassault Mirage G) which first flew in 1967, and never entered service, being cancelled in the 1970s. Another Anglo-French defence project of the late 1960s was the SEPECAT Jaguar. The NAMMA was replaced by the NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency (NETMA), which is the prime contractor for the Eurofighter Weapon System and continued development of the Tornado. The company was based and registered in West Germany. Marketing of the plane was directed by Jeffrey Quill from 1969–76, who had been head of marketing at SEPECAT. In 1989, the German involvement became DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA). Design work began in May 1969. The Tornado for the RAF and RSAF was assembled at Warton Aerodrome, then owned by British Aerospace. Ultimately, other considerations resulted in the acquisition of a … +49 811 80-0 E-Mail: info(at)panavia.de Web: www.panavia.de. That would be more than fifty years after it first flew. ILA is Germany's largest aerospace trade fair and takes place every two years in Berlin. The Panavia Tornado weapon system combines in one airframe a full deterrent capability, representing the most effective aircraft of its class today. Tornado was designed and produced by the aircraft industries of three nations, in one of the largest, most challenging and most successful multi-national aircraft programmes ever conceived. The Tornado first flew in 1974. In terms of the number of aircraft built and delivered, Tornado remains one of Europe´s largest military aircraft co-operation programmes. Weights IDS/Recce/ECR ADV; Empty: 14,100 kg: 14,300 kg: Max external fuel: 5,850 kg: 5,800 kg: Max weapon load (approx.) In 1959, the French and West Germans had collaborated to form Transall, which produced the Transall C-160 transport aircraft in 1963. The Tornado aircraft is expected to remain in service until at least 2025. Tornado was designed and produced by the aircraft industries of three nations, in one of the largest, most challenging and most successful multi-national aircraft programmes ever conceived. Initially in the late 60s, the plans of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) called for more than 700 Tornado IDS aircraft to replace with one aircraft type the G.91R utilised for ground attack and the F-104G multirole aircraft. The United Kingdom had cancelled the procurement of the TSR-2 and subsequent F-111K aircraft, and was still looking for a replacement for its Avro Vulcan and Blackburn Buccaneer strike aircraft. The NATO Multirole Combat Aircraft Development and Production Management Agency (NAMMA) was established to manage development and production of the Tornado. The company was based and registered in West Germany. By 1970, it was known as the Panavia 100, with the two-seat version being the Panavia 200. Its all-weather capabilities at the time were unmatched in the world. It was planned to produce more than 1,000 aircraft. The aircraft was originally known as the MRA-75, the MRCA and the ACA. Learn how and when to remove this template message, NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panavia_Aircraft_GmbH&oldid=988192745, Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 1969, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 17:49. The Tornado management model was adopted for the European Fighter Aircraft, which is now in production as the Eurofighter Typhoon. Panavia Aircraft GmbH is a German company serving other countries which established by the three partner nations of the Tornado Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA) project, West Germany, Italy and the UK. The RAF flew a variant, the Panavia Tornado ADV, with a larger GEC-Marconi AI.24 Foxhunter radar, implemented in the mid-1970s with the involvement of Air Chief Marshal Sir Neil Wheeler. Marcel Dassault later saw the Panavia project as a direct threat to his company. During the 1960s, aeronautical designers looked to variable-geometry wing designs to gain the manoeuvrability and efficient cruise of straight wings with the speed of swept wing designs. In 1970, the unit cost was expected to be only $2.9m. The Panavia Sustainment Programme ensures that a stable logistical and engineering support can be delivered to all Tornado customers until the last out of service date, by providing and maintaining Panavia’s/ PPC’s capabilities and capacities within the programme industry. Over 950 Aircraft have been delivered to the Air Forces of Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, The German modernisation programmes will allow the Luftwaffe to maintain its Tornado fleet in service until beyond 2030…, The Italian upgrade programme was divided into three phases and, together with ongoing capability enhancements will enable the entire Italian Tornado fleet to maintain its potential until beyond 2025…, The United Kingdom Mid Life Update Programme permitted the British Tornado GR.4 to remain in service until 2019…, The Royal Saudi Air Force has put its operational fleet through an upgrade programme, defined as the Tornado Sustainment Programme (TSP) and is embarking on a further range of enhancements…. The Panavia Tornado weapon system combines in one airframe a full deterrent capability, representing the most effective aircraft of its class today. Canada and the Netherlands withdrew from the project in 1969 for financial reasons. 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