The way the Westminster Parliamentary System adopted in Bangladesh is inherently problematic. The question whether it was right to press on with the elections will perhaps be left for others to decide—or even for history. Gentleman for the work he has done on this issue and for calling for this debate. Indeed. 0000009266 00000 n A Parliamentary Debate on Present political Situation of Bangladesh | … Bangladesh is a country that has seen significant progress since its infancy. I sincerely hope that parties can be equally engaged in a fair and democratic process that empowers voters. Gentleman made are brought to the attention of DFID Ministers. 0000019948 00000 n We must encourage the President to act on the assurances given to work with the 18-party alliance. Unless the hon. 0000013785 00000 n Not all countries have been as helpful however; Russia, India, China, Vietnam and Nepal have come out in support of the new Government. We can only go on the statements of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, and I am encouraged that the party has confirmed that it will take part in the elections. Does he agree with me that the United Nations and other international organisations should put pressure on the Bangladeshi Government to stop harassing and jeering the Opposition? 0000001715 00000 n However, the reality of the election was a turnout that was reported as being as low as 10% and a mass boycott by Opposition parties that meant that half of the seats remained uncontested. Between 2011 and 2015, as the hon. Gentleman particularly wants to raise anything else, I shall end where I began; by congratulating him on securing the debate and on the tone with which he led it, and by thanking him for his continued interest in the country. Parliamentary Democracy in Bangladesh 103 A prominent ordinance-turned bill was the Anti-Terrorist Bill (1994) aimed at controlling thedeteriorating law andorder inthecountry. He is right to say that the recent election in Bangladesh fell drastically short of the ideals we would expect. Investment in children’s health has resulted in a reduction in the mortality rate of under-fives, and the prevalence of underweight children has almost halved. Thirdly, we recognise that a proper functioning democracy, as we would understand it, is vital for Bangladesh’s future security and prosperity. As the hon. Gentleman said in his well-balanced and fair speech, there have been some positive moves recently. 0000003850 00000 n The current Bangladesh Parliament contains 350 seats; 300 Members are elected by direct polls in their respective constituencies Whoever wins the most votes, regardless of turnout or proportion, wins the election. It is vital to develop a political system that is more capable, more accountable and much more responsive than it is at the moment. Indeed, half the electorate did not get the chance to vote. That must be done quickly, as tensions remain high and local elections will take place over the coming months. The hon. 0000009988 00000 n Gentleman said, the relationship between the UK and Bangladesh is strong, with considerable ties of history and family. 0000010095 00000 n It is shared by many across the House. Gentleman said, our support will lift 1.5 million people out of extreme poverty, provide access to safe water for 1.3 million people and ensure that 500,000 boys and girls complete their primary school education. The Centre for Policy Dialogue has estimated a total economic loss of over £3.8 billion as a result of the conflict around the election caused by blockades and ongoing political turmoil. 0000008552 00000 n Bangladesh Parliament (Jatiyo Sangshad) is the supreme legislative body of Bangladesh. The events running up to the election were deeply regrettable. This billwasreport- edly promulgated when it was under review by the parliamentary committee. An internal review of the programmes would be helpful, as through them we have the potential to shape a relatively young country, and shape a structure that is fair and sustainable. The ongoing political conflict has a damaging effect not only on empowerment and accountability but on other things. I will go on to speak about Britain’s unique role and ability to help in that regard. 0000009461 00000 n We have that role not least because we are a major investor in Bangladesh: in this calendar year, the Department for International Development will spend around £275 million in Bangladesh. This paper is about Debate and its history, types of debate specially parliamentary debate.. it will help us to skilled about debate. do not work properly without it enabled. Now, after their school elections, they will prepare themselves for a Mock Parliament debate where … The relaxation of police restrictions at Opposition party offices and the granting of bail for some BNP leaders by the High Court brings some promise, but it is not nearly enough. Gentleman makes an important point. Arguably, their success is questionable. 0000002080 00000 n Further bold moves by all sides are needed if the needs and wishes of the people of Bangladesh are going to be met and put first. It is right to condemn human rights abuses—a subject that we do not have time to go into today—committed by all sides, but we must not lose sight of the imminent needs of the Bangladeshi people. Despite the commencement of that programme four years ago in 2009, the 2014 election was notable for its success in weakening all three objectives. Gentleman acknowledged, but the main Opposition party did not participate. We are pleased that the Bangladesh Nationalist party has condemned the violence and announced a suspension of its enforced strikes and transport blockades. I am pleased that UK aid is working to improve governance in Bangladesh. It is only right that in this scenario DFID should reflect on the relative success of the programmes that are funded in conjunction with the United States Agency for International Development and amount to aid of over £56 million over a five-year period. Does he agree that one of the fundamental problems with the election was the Awami League’s refusal to follow the precedent of previous elections, whereby there had been a caretaker Government to oversee fair process, foreign observers and the rest, and that that failure and the political thinking behind it led to the tragedy that now confronts us? 0000004961 00000 n Members are elected for a term of 5 years. On paper at least, it demonstrated overwhelming support for the Awami League, which won 232 of the 300 seats. 0000009704 00000 n I reiterate what I said earlier this month during the excellent debate in the Chamber: whatever someone’s view on that question, it was right, as a nation, to issue statements to make it clear that the elections were neither free nor fair. The question I have for him—and for the Minister—is about how we move forward. There are no easy answers for the international community as to whether it was right to press ahead with elections or to work to maintain an interim or caretaker Government. What is required in a situation such as this, where there appears to be deadlock, is for the international community to play an appropriate role. Those acts are striking: more than 500 people are believed to have lost their life as a result of political violence in 2013; 21 deaths were reported on polling day; and more than 100 polling centres, many of which were schools and colleges in poor rural areas, were burned down. However, as the hon. 4+��� I will ensure that the remarks that the hon. The Library is housed in Sangsad Bhaban in Sher e Bangla Nagar, Dhaka. The World Bank recognises the advances that the country continues to make, suggesting that it will become a middle-income country by 2021. 0000009918 00000 n The Library was established in 1972, after the immediate formation of the Our response falls into three areas. Share a link to this specific contribution: The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Copy link to contribution 10 to clipboard, Copy link to contribution 11 to clipboard, Copy link to contribution 13 to clipboard, Copy link to contribution 14 to clipboard, Copy link to contribution 15 to clipboard, Copy link to contribution 17 to clipboard. Like me, he probably has a large number of people from Bangladesh in his constituency. We must not be cynical, but it is incumbent on all of us to be sceptical about the statements that have been released. 0000026280 00000 n I welcome the opportunity not only to discuss recent elections in Bangladesh but to talk about the lessons of the past few months—I believe that the UK can learn from those lessons—and the opportunities that are open to us as we help Bangladesh to work towards political stability in the coming years. This paper is about Debate and its history, types of debate specially parliamentary debate.. it will help us to skilled about debate. Will the Minister reflect on that in his discussions with the Department for International Development and, in his reply, will he commit the Government to publishing the findings of the DFID review that is already being spoken about? Even the Japanese ambassador to Dhaka, Shiro Sadoshima, said that, “the political leadership in Bangladesh, regardless of their positions, should immediately initiate serious efforts to provide Bangladeshi people with a voting opportunity for making political choice in a manner that responds to their aspiration.”. But through negotiation with parliamentary debate in bangladesh elections will take place over the coming.! Belief in democracy, good governance and sustainable development if it is important to that. 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