The Dionysian genius represents the principle of storm and would bring about integration and harmonious blending of a culture by pervading all its aspects. The cultures that Benedict observed were the Kwakiutl of the Northwest Coast, the Pueblo of New Mexico, and the Dobu of New Guinea. Patterns of Culture, originally published in 1934, is an anthropological text by Ruth Benedict. Ruth Benedict’s anthropological book, Patterns of Culture explores the dualism of culture and personality. In other words,, if you are better able to understand how and why people of another culture do things, then that could possibly lead to you having more respect for that culture. As Benedict famously writes, “A culture, like an individual, is a more or less consistent pattern of thought and action” (46). In her essay, Ruth Benedict gives evidence that the values of each of these cultures, though they may seem strange, are intelligible and convenient for the cultrues and should be reapected and understood. Patterns of Culture Chapters 7-8 Summary & Analysis Chapter 7 Summary: “The Nature of Society” Benedict begins the chapter with a stance of cultural relativism . . Being able to understand another culture can ultimately lead to tolerance of that culture. The Apollonian genius represents the principle of calm composure and the same would characterise all aspects of the culture concerned and bring about its integration. Benedict says that in order to understand another culture, you need to study it as a whole. Such a design she called pattern. UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research. Change ). Patterns of Culture Chapters 4-6 Summary & Analysis Chapter 4 Summary: “The Pueblos of New Mexico” Benedict introduces the Zuñi by situating them within a larger cultural grouping that she refers to as the Pueblo Indians of the Southwest. According to Ruth Benedict the integration in a culture is brought about by its content being arranged into a permanent or semi permanent design or style. According to Ruth Benedict the integration in a culture is brought about by its content being arranged into a permanent or semi permanent design or style. Translated into 14 languages and with three updated English editions, the book is considered a classic in American anthropology. This study guide uses the most recent, 2005 edition published by Mariner Books, which includes a foreword by Louise Lamphere, a preface by Margaret Mead, and an introduction by Franz … This understanding is important in removing racist or stereotypical opinions about other cultures. It also is cohesive. Patterns of Culture is a signpost on the road to a freer and more tolerant life." The primary message of Patterns of Culture is the paramount importance of learned behavior in human existence. Benedict studies different cultures such as the Zuni tribe and the Dobu Indians. All styles are harmonious with each other and blend into a harmonious configuration. It turns out that she was a colleague of the infamous Margaret Mead, and like Mead I’m not sure her legacy is completely positive. Summary: The Individual and the Pattern of Culture “One of her great purposes in writing Patterns of Culture was to point out the extraordinary diversity among cultures and, specifically, to show that individuals are products of their culture just as their culture is the product of individuals” (Benedict 302). In her essay, Benedict describes the differences in rituals, beliefs, and personal preferences between the cultures, and how these differences between diverse cultures each had their own personality that the individuals in the c ulture would adopt. Benedict said it is very important not to judge another culture based off of your own customs, because more than likely your coustoms do not match up to those of another culture. Patterns of Culture is a seminal work in the field of Anthropology, written in 1936 by Ruth Benedict, the Columbia University Professor of Anthropology, student of Franz Boas and mentor of the famous anthropologist Margaret Mead. “A culture, like an individual, is a more or less consistent pattern of thought and action. Chapter 7 Summary: “The Nature of Society” Benedict begins the chapter with a stance of cultural relativism. Patterns of Culture as Learned Behavior. ( Log Out /  -- New York TimesA remarkable introduction to cultural studies, Patterns of Culture is an eloquent declaration of the role of culture in shaping human life. Apollonian is derived from Apollo the sun God of the ancient Greeks and Dionysian is derived from Dionysius, the turbulent Greek God of drink and carnivals. This main tendency or trend is the genius of a culture. ( Log Out /  Chapter 1 Summary: “The Science of Custom” In the opening chapter of Patterns of Culture, Benedict provides a basic definition… This is just a preview. You'll get access to all of the Patterns of Culture content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. It is this genius or spirit of a people which brings about integration in their culture, the integration of form. This is called the configuration. She states that although it is productive to compare different societies and their variations, they should not be judged in terms of each other, for their motivations are different (223). In fact, Margaret Mead wrote the preface to Patterns of Culture. Ruth Benedict essay discusses the personalities of three different cultures, and how these cultures all have different characteristics and traits that form the values that each culture holds important. In this regard, Benedict’s theory of culture reproduces the tenets of Boasian anthropology, which privileges a holistic and integrated view of culture. Each culture she finds is so different and distinctive in relation to the … Patterns of Culture According to Ruth Benedict the integration in a culture is brought about by its content being arranged into a permanent or semi permanent design or style. The primary message of Patterns of Culture is the paramount importance of learned behavior in human existence. ( Log Out /  Viewing another cultures customs and beliefs when you have a biased opinion on what you believe should be valued will only lead to having a negative reaction to another cultures beliefs. This harmony arises out of a main tendency or trend which every culture exhibits in all its aspects. Each people further and further consolidates its experience, and in proportion to the urgency of these drives the heterogenous items of behaviour take more and more congruous shape. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword is a seminal study of Japanese culture by Ruth Benedict who was commissioned by the US government to study Japanese culture in order to understand how to govern it after WWII. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The entire section has 1227 words. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. -- New York Times A remarkable introduction to cultural studies, Patterns of Culture is an eloquent declaration of the role of culture in shaping human life. 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