The bell tower was built between 1912 and 1925. Hundreds of private homes of various architectural styles have also been excavated at Pompeii. Pompei (Italian: [pomˈpɛi]; Neapolitan: Pumpeje [pumˈbɛːjə]) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins Pompeii that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Pompeii, Italian Pompei, preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy, 14 miles (23 km) southeast of Naples, at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius. Onto two lines owned by the SFSM - Circumvesuviana, Pompei counts a total of 4 station. Pink Floyd filmed a live concert in Pompeii's Amphitheatre for their documentary. Several city gates have been excavated. You can enjoy a n esspresso right after leaving the train, take a stroll across the market and after 10min you enter the archeologic site at the piazza anfiteatro. Around noon on August 24, 79 ce, a huge eruption from Mount Vesuvius showered volcanic debris over the city of Pompeii, followed the next day by clouds of blisteringly hot gases. It was founded by a convert who reportedly experienced a miracle from the Virgin Mary; miracles have been reported since its foundation. A riot in the amphitheatre at Pompeii between the Pompeians and the Nucerians, in 59 ce, is reported by the Roman historian Tacitus. The ancient Roman city of Pompeii was located in what is now the Campania region of Italy, southeast of Naples. Herculaneum, Stabiae, Torre Annunziata, and other communities were destroyed along with Pompeii. Pliny the Elder had rushed from Misenum to help the stricken population and to get a close view of the volcanic phenomena, and he died at Stabiae. This article is about the Italian city. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Pompeii, Italy, Pompeii - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Pompeii - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). So its less crowded. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Many churches, chapels, and shrines around the world are dedicated to Our Lady of Pompei. The buildings and their contents revealed day-to-day life in the ancient world—and stirred 18th-century interest in all things classical. On the Naples-Salerno line, owned by FS, is situated the main railway station and a little stop named Pompei Scavi (ruins of P.), closed in the 1970s. When these were finally unearthed, in the 1700s, the world was astonished at the discovery of a sophisticated Greco-Roman city frozen in time. Buildings were destroyed, the population was crushed or asphyxiated, and the city was buried beneath a blanket of ash and pumice. Grand public buildings included an impressive forum and an amphitheatre; lavish villas and all kinds of houses, dating back to the 4th century bce, were also uncovered. Mount Vesuvius rising above the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Pompeii. So you step in right through the backdoor. The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum are part of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata. Inside were some preserved remains of people sheltering from the eruption; others lay buried as they fled; bakeries were found with loaves still in the ovens. Then, toward the end of the 5th century, the warlike Samnites, an Italic tribe, conquered Campania, and Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae became Samnite towns. (Chiara Goia) Just after midday on August 24, fragments of ash, pumice, and other volcanic debris began pouring down on Pompeii, quickly covering the city to a depth of more than 9 feet (3 metres) and causing the roofs of many houses to fall in. It is crossed by the national roads SS 18 and SS 145. Thus Pompeii remained buried under a layer of pumice stones and ash 19 to 23 feet (6 to 7 metres) deep. Pompeii was built on a spur formed by a prehistoric lava flow to the north of the mouth of the Sarnus (modern Sarno) River. It borders also with Torre Annunziata, Castellammare di Stabia, Boscoreale, Santa Maria la Carità and Sant'Antonio Abate. The Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei, dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary, has become a site for Catholic pilgrimages in recent years. Pompeii, a thriving Roman colony in Italy when it was destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, is in many respects a symbol of what archaeologists yearn to discover--an intact image of what life was like in the past. A 2014 Pompeii preservation effort cost an estimated $145 million, the same price as roughly 362 Lamborghini Aventadors. Dan Smith explained what this song is about in an interview with NME, "It's really about what happened in Pompeii and the city.Famously, the city was sort of dug up and people who were wiped out by the volcano were kind of discovered – or the negative space of their body was discovered – in the poses in which they died, and I just thought that was such an interesting image. Pompeii supported between 10,000 and 20,000 inhabitants at the time of its destruction. Additional pyroclastic flows and rains of ash followed, adding at least another 9 feet of debris. The team no longer exists today. Pompei Santuario (P. Sanctuary, in the middle of the town) and Pompei Valle (close to Pompeii) lies on the Torre Annunziata-Pompei-Poggiomarino line. Author of. According to the Volcanic Explosivity Index, Mount Vesuvius's 79 CE eruption was as explosive as that of Mount St. Helens in 1989. 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