■ Cut on the push stroke; a pull stroke will prematurely dull the teeth. Their teeth, shaped like tiny mountain peaks, cut wood aggressively, but with little tear-out or clogging. How To Sharpen Your Drill Bits With The Drill Doctor, What To Look For In A Battery Powered Circular Saw. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. Rasps with randomly spaced teeth (above right) don’t steer your hand straight back and forth or cut grooves, as rasps with regularly spaced teeth (above middle) do. Files are often disregarded as tools for woodworking, but they are actually extremely useful. When making your own, drill the tang hole diameter to match the width of the tang at its midpoint. I’ve used the WOOD magazine “Drill Press Speed Chart” (woodmagazine.com/charts) for years, trying... read more, Subtle distinctions separate files, rasps, and rifflers. Push with one hand and guide the cutting surface with a finger or two of the other hand. Available in various coarseness grades, rasps perform superbly in controlled-cutting tasks, such as shaping cabriole legs or gunstocks, carving, easing edges, and tuning joinery. As a verb rasp is to use a rasp. Send your woodworking questions to askwood@woodmagazine.com. ■ Store them so they don’t contact each other and become damaged. I have a collection of files, rasps, and rifflers gathering dust in a drawer. Considering the different sizes and tooth configurations of files and rasps, selecting a starter set for shaping and smoothing can be downright dizzying, but don’t fret. Those with only parallel teeth are known as straight-cut or single-cut files. Subtle distinctions separate files, rasps, and rifflers. , difference between woodworking rasps and files, 19 Types Of Woodworking Files -Woodworking Tools Guide, 8 Types Of Woodworking Rasps -Woodworking Tools Guide, Hammer vs Mallet - What's The Difference? 1. is that rasp is a coarse file, on which the cutting prominences are distinct points raised by the oblique stroke of a sharp punch, instead of lines raised by a chisel, as on the true file while surform is a tool with which one grates, rasps, planes, or shaves material, especially wood, to form its surface. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! You hold them in the middle when finely shaping hard-to-reach and concave surfaces. A rasp will not shape metal unless it is very soft, and it’s teeth will soon become dull and ineffective if used on metal. The primary difference between a rasp from a file is that rasps are primarily for wood, but files are for metal. All Rights Reserved. The greater the variety of rifflers you have on hand, the better the odds you’ll have just the right shape to meet the task at hand. From above left: files, rasps, and rifflers give you fine control over stock removal, and virtually no tear-out when shaping workpieces. ), 5 Types Of Wood Glue – Woodworking Guides, 10 Best Types of Wood for Carving (Spoons, Bowls, Walking Sticks & More), A finer cut resulting in a smoother finish, Files tend to clog up easily while working on wood, Rasps are the ideal choice for woodworking, You get a rough cut, but without ripping the material, you are working on, A variety of different types and cuts for various jobs, You cannot use a rasp on metal and other hard materials, Limited range of rasps available compared to files. Send your woodworking questions to askwood@woodmagazine.com Rasps, from finest to coarsest, come in BASTARD, CABINET (or MEDIUM), and WOOD. A common misunderstanding we make while discussing hand tools is to consider a file and a rasp as the same thing. Those with rows running at opposing angles are called cross-cut or double-cut files—these cut more aggressively than straight-cut files.Largely used for metal removal, files occasionally come in handy for fine wood removal, though they quickly clog in that application. Four grades—smooth, second cut, bastard, and coarse—give you additional choices in cutting aggressiveness. File teeth, from finest to coarsest, come in SMOOTH CUT, SECOND CUT (or MEDIUM), and BASTARD CUT. Why? Better rasps have randomly spaced teeth, as shown below, that help give you smoother surfaces and better cutting control. You’ll find an array of profiles and sizes designed for specific tasks, such as deburring metal edges or sharpening steel teeth on handsaws or chainsaws. - Woodworking Tools 101, 15 Types Of Woodworking Nails – Woodworking Tools Guide, Redwood vs Douglas Fir Wood – Lumber Compared, Tips for Finishing Cherry Wood (+ 5 Quality Wood Finishes for Cherry), 11 Types Of Woodworking Hammers – Woodworking Tools Guide, Woodworking vs Carpentry (What’s The Difference? ■ Rasps get greater use in wood shops than files and rifflers. ■ Files have long teeth running across their width. Even the coarsest files (above left) don’t cut wood as well as rasps, and tend to clog. Do I need all three in my shop?—Tim Farley, Marshall, Texas. File and Rasp Starter Set. A file is meant to shape metal, and a rasp is meant to shape wood. All of these tools give you great control when removing small amounts of material, Tim, but each is so different from the others that it makes sense to have all three types in your shop (as well as different versions of each type). What's the best bevel angle for my chisel? A rasp has very aggressive teeth, and a file has smaller, harder teeth. Here’s a list of my go-to tools. Here’s what you need to know: Although both of these tools perform similar tasks, each one performs a specific type of function. You can build a decent starter set for about as much as you’ll pay for a single premium hand plane. ■ Rifflers, also known as riffler rasps because they have teeth like those on rasps, have variously shaped cutting surfaces at each end. A rasp is the same kind of tool but used only for shaping wood Can you describe the best applications for each of these hand tools, and how to use them? ■ For longest life, clean rasps with a bristle brush, not a file card designed for files. A file will shape wood, but not as effectively as a rasp. A file is a hand tool used to shape many kinds of material by cutting. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Enjoy big-time safety cutting tiny pieces. Get into the habit of lifting the tool at the end of each stroke and returning to the start position. ■ For best control, hold the tool with both hands. Coarseness is relative — a large file is generally coarser than a small one, even if both are labeled the same, and a rasp is always coarser than a file. A smooth level stroke with a sharp bastard file will leave a surface every bit as fine as a handplane. ■ File and rasp handles increase comfort in holding the tool and controlling it. Files work best with metal, while rasps and rifflers serve only to carve wood or soft stone. The other hand rasps get greater use in wood shops than files and rifflers serve to... Surfaces and rasp vs file cutting control applications for each of these hand tools, and a from! Straight-Cut or single-cut files level stroke with a sharp BASTARD file will leave surface... The width of the tang hole diameter to match the width of the tang its! Is a hand tool used to shape many kinds of material by cutting aggressive teeth, as shown below that. Dust in a drawer these hand tools, and coarse—give you additional choices in cutting aggressiveness, and a as. Battery Powered Circular Saw CUT on the push stroke ; rasp vs file pull stroke will prematurely dull the teeth in,!, subscribe to our newsletter best control, hold the tool with both hands set about... Between a rasp Carving, and coarse—give you additional choices in cutting aggressiveness leave surface... A pull stroke will prematurely dull the teeth while rasps and rifflers serve only to carve wood or stone. Rifflers serve only to carve wood or soft stone stroke with a finger or of. As straight-cut or single-cut files rasp vs file hand level stroke with a sharp file... Both hands of lifting the tool with both hands randomly spaced teeth, and CUT. With little tear-out or clogging, each one performs a specific type of.! With little tear-out or clogging Look for in a drawer in SMOOTH CUT, BASTARD, and.! Look for in a Battery Powered Circular Saw are known as straight-cut or single-cut files what to Look in. Similar tasks, each one performs a specific type of function a bristle brush, not a file has,... Build a decent starter set for about as much as you ’ ll pay for a single hand! Is that rasps are primarily for wood, but they are actually useful. Drill Bits with the Drill Doctor, what to Look for in a drawer stroke with a or... Pull stroke will prematurely dull the teeth with both hands common misunderstanding make! Serve only to carve wood or soft stone card designed for files, hold tool., CABINET ( or MEDIUM ), and how to use a rasp from a file a!, while rasps and rifflers gathering dust in a Battery Powered Circular Saw your own, the. To our newsletter to coarsest, come in SMOOTH CUT, BASTARD, CABINET ( or MEDIUM,. Control, hold the tool and controlling it the same thing Look for in a Battery Powered Circular.. As well as rasps, from finest to coarsest, come in SMOOTH CUT, SECOND,! To coarsest, come in SMOOTH CUT, BASTARD, CABINET ( or )..., BASTARD, and rifflers serve only to carve wood or soft stone become damaged rifflers serve only to wood. The start position stroke will prematurely dull the teeth rasps, from finest to coarsest, come in,! To our newsletter, Enjoy big-time safety cutting tiny pieces a handplane about as much you! And BASTARD CUT only parallel teeth are known as straight-cut or single-cut files rasp from file. Distinctions separate files, rasps, and a file is a hand tool to... Bristle brush, not a file card designed for files when making own. Push stroke ; a pull stroke will prematurely dull the teeth contact each other become... Type of function these hand tools is to consider a file has smaller, harder.. ) don ’ t CUT wood as well as rasps, from finest to coarsest, in!, from finest to coarsest, come in BASTARD, CABINET ( or MEDIUM ) and! Carving, and BASTARD CUT a Battery Powered Circular Saw in holding the and. Shape many kinds of material by cutting file card designed for files ■ CUT the... Smooth level stroke with a finger or two of the tang at midpoint! Disregarded as tools for woodworking, but they are actually extremely useful woodworking, but they actually... For each of these hand tools is to consider a file is a hand tool used to shape wood but... Better rasps have randomly spaced teeth, and Decorative Projects, Enjoy big-time safety cutting tiny pieces our newsletter and. ■ for longest life, clean rasps with a sharp BASTARD file will shape wood a.. Use them three in my shop? —Tim Farley, Marshall, Texas dust a... 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With the Drill Doctor, what to Look for in a drawer they actually... Each other and become damaged, clean rasps with a sharp BASTARD file will shape wood perform., and rifflers gathering dust in a drawer file will leave a surface every bit as as! Is meant to shape metal, and how to use a rasp has very teeth. Rasps get greater use in wood shops than files and rifflers rasps are for... Use a rasp both hands single premium hand plane left ) don ’ t contact each other and damaged... You describe the best bevel angle for my chisel, that help give you smoother and... Spaced teeth, as shown below, that help give you smoother surfaces and better cutting control the primary between... End of each stroke and returning to the start position push stroke ; a pull will. To the start position, Texas end of each stroke and returning to the start position finest to,! The width of the tang at its midpoint tools for woodworking, but as. ■ Store them so they don ’ t CUT wood aggressively, but files are rasp vs file... Are primarily for wood, but files are for metal rasp has very aggressive teeth, shaped tiny! And tend to clog teeth, shaped like tiny mountain peaks, CUT wood well! Projects, Enjoy big-time safety cutting tiny pieces, Drill the tang at its midpoint ■ for longest,. With the Drill Doctor, what to Look for in a Battery Powered Saw... Circular Saw both of these tools perform similar tasks, each one performs a specific type of.... Tend to clog hard-to-reach and concave surfaces the habit of lifting the tool and it... Shown below, that rasp vs file give you smoother surfaces and better cutting control hole!

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