The term ‘common sense’ was used in this discussion. >> /Length 2602 '�S��(���麥Uu�lh~�6��z���ϧ�Z���p�bh�e�4F�3ʹ�8���q�d{��O��&���3���T| '374��z|���~n�D�W;����y��`�¤�ijz�7��:eO#��v���٧~9f��������������� fn�������Ƶ��f~F�e�ϻ���n�e;�p� ^.�4�ɍ~�뱱]G�}��a�Fz?O� /K false 2 RESEARCH PHILOSOPHY Research Philosophy is related to the development of knowledge and the nature of that knowledge. /Type/Page own research philosophy and, going back to our discussion of philosophies as a set of assumptions, the extremity of your views on these continua (Table 4.1) and within para- … /ProcSet[/PDF/Text] << /Parent 36 0 R /S/Transparency >> ����btl�&tC���\�����4A��S-�9:�q��g�����0� ���V%�#�Q�����`܃��s=?��mY&z��-f�l��p`��U��Ja4�Q�˓��/��>�*��`��'.�3-�)��;A����דˊ��6�EoQ)�Y��g(7���N05D�WXۡ3���F݁�J�d�r��m����2���:dJ��j-� )���G�X�x`�j��`1F�q$�x�,Z��K�r��i[6�w�vj=�an\�%7�Ǫ�\��K�Y��&����\��S�z�d��k;�2&�x(�����%��K��D�q��aؚ|���U_\���EN *q d7���Ca�q�p?,�'��x��P�r-���S'�&��W��=�E ����z۰�Nv P�U�ם�� ߳�4B��5[��M�~�]�V��K�/:��{�?�=�˹O�}N��XVr��'sҤ5֨�����''c�c���=�0�]�4/b�'z 2��C���1-u�fe�?�)8Nܭ7 PDF | On Apr 18, 2018, Pranas Žukauskas and others published Philosophy and Paradigm of Scientific Research | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate /CS/DeviceRGB >> << /Font /GS1 45 0 R �5�- ��"�Kl7)Ov? >> >> /T1_1 42 0 R >> These philosophies are formed from basic ontological and (the related) epistemological positions, and have developed in both classical and contemporary forms to effectively classify different research approaches. 5 0 obj << /ExtGState 2 0 obj The befuddlement caused by a range of new terminology relating to the philosophy of knowledge is unnecessary when all that you are trying to achieve is >> /I false �zW << /Fm0 29 0 R << << /Filter/FlateDecode /TrimBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] We have outlined our research question and research objectives in Chapter One. /C2_1 53 0 R %PDF-1.4 /CropBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] endstream x��]ۏ��u�%�I�mٖdǒ��u?'Ks�!9|-P(��@oQ�R4@���=C�圙�!��V�S��'r�s�7���mLw�����?=��O���������O�~�������[�����_^SǙ�����=l�y��q�ks�f���r�]c��|���?_�w�q��tu�46��;wu�tmӶn`����h����d����z�z�C��W��k���p��ӵiF7v����4ƚ��~�? /I false >> /ArtBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] /GS0 45 0 R Even if the purpose of the research has a simple ambition of just answering a particular question in an organisation or private business, it … /BleedBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] H��Wko�H�i�C}�RB��U�,��N�ӫ���Rk�Y��]�����=��{o=� @biY���ֹ�o�Ӝ�緿~��@�,�������#�G��W���⑗��vE�����*����"�(�\�cNV�+'���oW����_A� ��P)dy��Cq�����ݱu��j�/��* �@��G�D4t?R�}݉�l��1-�����t��*R�D)H >> /T1_0 10 0 R describes as the ‘research paradigm’ and by others (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2007) as the ‘research philosophy’. /ProcSet[/PDF/Text] /Length 2908 /C2_0 15 0 R >> /ArtBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] %���� /Contents 2 0 R /StructParents 2 << /T1_1 42 0 R %�쏢 %PDF-1.4 << /Font << /Parent 36 0 R �%#+�ހ]��z(\��](����7x�^(�_�?�#{��S�����}�;��d����Ϙ�ރ���ԗ 4� /Resources �5������+���B���݌G��(E��3�H�S7��R�4ĉ��H�u�{�'Ú�B)�P.��#����M��ȩg�d�n|��u�MyS2��oq�����N���F�) /Resources /TT0 43 0 R /S/Transparency << /Filter/FlateDecode /CS/DeviceRGB research philosophy subscribed to, the research strategy employed and so the research instruments utilised (and perhaps developed) in the pursuit of a goal - the research objective(s) - and the quest for the solution of a problem - the research question. /GS1 46 0 R /XObject << A�ñ(�4��'Q�Y�W��6�~IA�#��������nS���J�Yϗ�˥��`�Xy��?���c��I�(%~"1 �w�$6�O��0K~F�;��%�! /C2_1 53 0 R >> '��Ē9S82}�S�(�da:�[ c� 9!��N��`Uo�%�Ƿ��>��q��`�ڐ�4t�֞{w�86,������x�p�R,>�̾��@�|���f�]٤EzI�*��s}���T�a?�ks 2��4N�U�Ԗ�Y���>׾v��ds~�uO,��I��+�x�,�[尞�ʺp��q��k�ɷ�o�M��|Nޓ2ߤ��=)~a`��d��$��;������AS���Iݤ@{>�B�g-'��L�������+����k�O���~j�d=���i0��6�u0�^���E��j�����rMe����M�7�hb]����}[� ?r8��D�ʛ���l�Ե����!��]��Su�ͩ�RD#�q\�:�:�-����o�+1��Q�y�H�A� sT+8G�a��[��lw4m�3Z�`pg�yt��9�U�Qj/���ֶD[��=���^MQF���O�ѽ���i�^K� ��< endobj /Group /CropBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] For no apparent reason, research philosophy tends to send dissertation students into a mild panic. /Fm0 13 0 R Philosophy of Research Methodology Thoughts that form the basis for various ways of doing research Thoughts that justify research methodology Rationale for using certain methods in research. << /MediaBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] /StructParents 1 1 0 obj /GS0 46 0 R /BleedBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] >> /MediaBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] 3 0 obj /T1_0 10 0 R endobj /K false a{Y�$g��.s�3�)�9g�\�p��5=W����-?g���hM$/��L��_��U�f/N�jN"'{��S�S���O�U�AWB���@�f�zw-zn���V��g��\|O��v��Zv�(��l�G�vЍ�z��M�7�؇� �F[�9���_0���"�E�����H�e�@7�C7�+��{�с}���0�Zq[h_ׯe�Eʂ�b$�^��dF�yfg�w��hހw˚M;�/��a /���%���S�-[��D���΋7��%&�obG�n�1-B�/e�2�Ux~@L喾 7-L*����b��Y�7�y�T�PǛ�!ϋץI9SP�K�S�7W�A+��[�X%���[�v�@2�"���䁚MJ��']uxޟAx N�v�����q4�/pe{�~=p��s����X�]������a&re藵3o�!�%J;]=����F0�&�Y]�������Vb���� l��� una�~��~$�d��1���������q�zy"�m�8r���������W�/�懯N�sc'Kd��������k�7M���7t��V���a�-��k�G�zfl����$!��c��o@�K��5!m���@��'����Pdh����E$#�'�&B��. ]�`�}�}�Ɓ�C�u��$�H)�=yr��.�����짏P��_Nm��ϒ���"j�Kޣֿ�ZK�7���L6 �������������_Ny��a^Hyx��%�Q]D�%��r烨wŶ"ծ8�����?U�J >> � ��Վ�^��xs@ ߳���v5������a�T�����~X�6��~#��A٪OpC� �i�|~d'9���>'�lt�GR�i|�4"�Qk�R��ŝ��/��ݰW�V�Co�{XyPO�L=�a&lQ���{e���}�;7��m[r��Hّg�ʖy�(�n�����-O�l�7������.io�=aS�H��b1���x��_$�؇s_�R�}�#���S�r����kD ��,DA�k݈�Y�p�֕Z�v@�u]���C���X7�:/���σآ�`|�Ӆ`���!�,�墌�J�>��5�m�Ǽ���=��l�%�i�1��2��S&��@v3&|Ae��Y�x�h>�zK�l� s�-U�,tE��PlMntia�Y\^`�m�)��4AŶO�:yP̟GyHE�G�D��[,�/ҡ�Z!~��~�z*%&i�f�s���ə�OXy@F�B!5e��L�fTn��'�j�F���ߟ�D��b�4Cm�:���)��'R\�����Ri��bd�zbcA9������/۲�by#J��e���'R�.�p6]���#�Z��J?%�r�s2@ 6�ȫ��+��k���ʺo��[P_t�����~��X&����̉\p>�\� S.�vv88 �dA.d�p|�@����3��X��uJB��+�GH�]�>�)��gBL1(NCB�"t����)+�@���ra~��Q�և�dw�+]�ƫn+��x��#{h&��F��͵��-IJI�z�/�Oz�iZ�Q�&8�~A>�۹,F���+�Z1�ӓ�����8"c.}p-&|��QBA����w�C����@I��q�C�s%g-g�� �8���T���b ��%�$*J��y����5��A�����ϬzE ���܄��Nn�s��KDD��T�JI�Kj� ����� /�-8b�(3�Q���%�@�~kL�4 Heh��98��-�5�ȼtn�� �{E�F�Xd��@�7�yI�q��H"�|� B� ��1[*|����U>?�Z� o�Yȓ�{Ȼ,ir��=3WrHq4����*Q�P��\�w�%o �B����8s�#*��eYd�;��:�M����H�8��P`��M�T����ED��h�t`;7�i��#)SԷ|����Ze~T)�+� �J��� �Qc���R�h�R�l_#7qĵN��u�����[�:A�"Q(L�F\�`��o#�� jXQ���:99�rhVA����^(�vL���6�C�T��l��$?�` ��4�r'�OFل��-3j�. /Group H��W�n�8}�W�Qb5I�A ;����`0�m�flulɭK2��)�$Ҷ8�^4ܱ)�x��T�ᷫ/���m{����}}��՗?��B77_~���E��.����ru���GЫx���V�be�rUȇJ�G$Ai�� ���^=��~S����>���+��(��L��,�H����a�b��l��u7�������-�o�X��Q��qe(%QH(%��(nDl�������s� ���$��e�F���0Iu��'�c6Op���,IЕo3��j�������&�G���#kf�lSn�쿫_�`���v� Z�#�I_�Ì�1J endobj �f-���.��[�/sh��q]�����-G� uv2_�컩 �a&0h������O�z��������tA�u�2�ϧ�������Akhucc��t���ݥ���53���������.5��{��s�y:��/Z��+ ��դ���7�H���? /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 stream stream /XObject /TrimBox[0 0 535.748 697.323] jP:t5j�|C�!�e�<6�c���ȧ"_���~ ��u㲤��{CN�CȪ�oJ� a~�G�M���A`U�����B����7��03����hG��<1{����1G�'퍢U�W�p����B�d�D}X�X}��>�Ԛ����½���α 3 Research Philosophy and Research Design Introduction In the introductory chapter, developing self-awareness was a key pro-cess outlined and it was stated that it is possible you have assumed that the way you view the world is the same as the way that everybody else views the world. stream /ExtGState /Type/Page 4 0 obj ��1j������'�^cG-�8�F����+w�Y�âC���V��g�_g�k2��p>���B$d����[������A��tѩ������{�N|�B(�k�G�o1�����0�S�6�7�[���$��E��邂���'�%r�������|ֻ���q���� wz��%�G�fw�=ؕ��J��uw����a�� /Fm1 11 0 R 2 research philosophy and qualitative interviews in this chapter: choosing a philosophy of research differences between positivist and naturalist–constructionist paradigms an illustration of the differences in practice variations on the core paradigm positivism yields to postpositivism /Contents 4 0 R << Scientific ways of producing knowledge Nature of Realities Research Questions Methods Data /C2_0 15 0 R >> /TT0 43 0 R <> <<

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