Unlicensed assistive personnel (unlicensed individuals who are trained to perform as an assistant to the licensed nurse) may be part of the school health services team. Physical and emotional health problems rank high among the factors contributing to chronic absenteeism (missing 10% or more of school days for any reason), a key risk factor for failing to complete school.35 Health-related problems contributing to academic underachievement are a primary responsibility of the medical home, the family, and the school health services team led by the school nurse in the health office on a daily basis. School-based health centers complement school nursing services by delivering a continuum of diagnostic and treatment services on-site and collaborating for prevention, early intervention, and harm-reduction services. This policy statement has been endorsed by the National Association of School Nurses. The school nurse provides leadership for the provision of health services13 As the health care expert within the school, the school nurse assesses the overall system of care and develops a plan for ensuring that health needs are met. Available at: Enter multiple addresses on separate lines or separate them with commas. A correlational study of the relationship between a coordinated school health program and school achievement: a case for school health. To that end, school nurses facilitate positive student responses to normal development; promote health and safety; intervene with actual and potential health problems; provide case management services; and actively collaborate with others to build student and family capacity for adaptation, self-management, self-advocacy, and learning.1. Social attitudes that promote inclusion, as well as state and federal laws such as the Individuals With Disabilities Act (Pub L No. A pediatrician often fills the school physician role, because pediatricians are knowledgeable about general pediatrics, school health, and adolescent health. The range of school health services varies by school district. Medication administration practices of school nurses. Federal laws protecting children and youth with disabilities in the schools. School nurses also promote health in local school health councils. The school nurse has a crucial role in the seamless provision of comprehensive health services to children and youth. Promoting the presence of a qualified school nurse in every school and a school physician in every district fosters the close interdependent relationship between health and education. The AAP recommends and supports the continued strong partnership among school nurses, school physicians, other school health personnel, and pediatricians. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. You will be redirected to aap.org to login or to create your account. All policy statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics automatically expire 5 years after publication unless reaffirmed, revised, or retired at or before that time. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There is growing evidence that full-time school nurse staffing results in cost savings for society. In 2010, 215 000 people younger than 20 years in the United States had a diagnosis of either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.20 The prevalence of food allergies among children younger than 18 years increased from 3.4% in 1997–1999 to 5.1% in 2009–2011.21 An average of 1 in 10 school-aged children has asthma,22 contributing to more than 13 million missed school days per year.23 As the number of students with chronic conditions grows, the need for health care at school has increased.24 The rise in enrollment of students with special health care needs increases the need for school nurses and school health services.25, Caring for children with chronic conditions in schools requires registered professional school nurses. Feedback mechanisms regarding student response to the treatment plan in school are critical to timely medical management in areas such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, life-threatening allergies, asthma, and seizures as well as for the growing population of children with behavioral health concerns. The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the important role school nurses play in promoting the optimal biopsychosocial health and well-being of school-aged children in the school setting. In addition, school nurses may provide interventions for acute and chronic illness, injuries and emergencies, communicable diseases, obesity, substance use and abuse, adolescent pregnancy, mental health, dental disease, nutrition, and sexually transmitted infections.8–13 School nurses need to be physically present in schools to address these responsibilities appropriately. By understanding the benefits, roles, and responsibilities of school nurses working as a team with the school physician, as well as their contributions to school-aged children, pediatricians can collaborate with, support, and promote school nurses in their own communities, thus improving the health, wellness, and safety of children and adolescents. Traditionally, the school nursing role was designed to support educational achievement by promoting student attendance. 1990 ] ) laws impose important Privacy protections for a student ’ s health information of! Promote optimal outcomes medical exclusions decreased by 99 %.1 Act ( Pub L No difficulties at years... Role is essential to ensure coordinated care services team the name of the Whole school, which provide... Of plans for responding to emergencies and disasters and confidential communication and documentation of health... 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