Five years later, I realize how important and helpful the case system is. Russian nouns are declined: their endings change according to the case. Anna answers the nominative question Kто/Kto/Who? – questions for each case – list of prepositions for cases – case endings for nouns and adjectives – forms of pronouns in different cases – groups of verbs that work only for certain case The theory presented in tables will be very helpful on your way to mastering Russian cases endings . When declining a word, you have to consider its gender, number, and state (animate vs. inanimate). что?. Learning the cases is the fastest way to sound more fluent in Russian. Anna answers the genitive question Кого/Kovo/Whose? Created. Like I said, if you break this lesson down into manageable pieces, you’ll be declining like a native in no time! Introduction to the accusative case. Note that the ending does not change in this example: телефон (teleFON) - "a phone" - remains the same. It is best to learn the words and the way they sound in different cases by heart. Beginner level. Let's practise the Russian cases. From the Nominative to Prepositional — Test your knowledge of six main Russian cases with this multiple-choice test. One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. It’s the way words appear in the dictionary. There are six cases.Their principal meaning is summarized below: . Emphasis on who was eating the porridge: Кашу ела Маша (KAshu YElah Masha) - Masha was eating kasha. Textbook Exercise 1-22. This series of lessons helps you to gain the confidence by practicing different Russian nouns in different cases. Find a native speaker and challenge each other to only speak using one case at a time. Russian cases question words. Title. Instead of trying to memorize a bunch of rules, crack the code by learning key phrases: I have a dog; I live in a house; I’m from the US. The ending has changed: Рассвет (rassVYET) - "dawn" - becomes на рассвете (na rassVYEtye) - "at dawn.". чего? When I started learning Russian, I had never even heard of cases and I definitely didn’t know that Russian had six essential ones. You'll find the activities divided into 3 different levels (from beginner to advanced) and every exercise consist of a 10-question test. In this sentence, the words тетради and ручки are both in the genitive case. (On the) table answers the question Где/Gdye/Where? Cases tell us what job a noun has in a sentence. You can travel more comfortably in Russia when you know a bit of the language, such as how to greet locals, use common expressions, and ask basic questions in Russian. Anna answers the question Кого/Kovo/Whom? A comprehensive database of more than 16 russia quizzes online, test your knowledge with russia quiz questions. The dative case shows the indirect object (recipient of the action) of the sentence. Ask them in the Russian Questions and Answers — a place for students, teachers and native Russian speakers to discuss Russian grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and other aspects of the Russian language. If you don't recall how to correctly transform the word in … Just break it down one case at a time.​. One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. Test your knowledge of Russian grammar wtith this Test on Cases. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. Where you would use an apostrophe s (‘s) in English, you use the genitive case in Russian and you put the word in genitive AFTER the subject. (Depending on the initials letters of the word that follows, the preposition O can be pronounced Ob or Oba.). Cases change a word’s function in the sentence. Make sure to practice the plurals as well! **In this format, the thing that you like/dislike is the subject, and you are the recipient of the action. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Genitive Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, The Nominative Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, The Dative Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, The Accusative Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, The Instrumental Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, The Prepositional Case in Russian: Usage and Examples, How to Say What in Russian: Pronunciation and Examples, M.F.A., Creative Writing, Manchester Metropolitan University, Diploma in Translation (IoLet Level 7, Russian), Chartered Institute of Linguists. Nominative form is the most basic version of any noun, adjective, or pronoun in Russian. (0368g) Recognizing Russian Names of Cities. Recognizing Russian Words. https://livefluent.com/decoding-the-6-russian-cases-a-beginners-guide Emphasis on what Masha was eating: Ела Маша кашу (YElah MAsha KAshu) - Masha was eating kasha. This has been the problem with learning Russian cases for me. We use this case to identify the subject of a sentence. The nominative case exists in English, too. Anna answers the question О Ком/O Kom/About whom? In each lesson you'll see a random Russian noun declined in singular and plural forms in all cases. The noun собака is in the nominative case and is the subject of the sentence. If you need extra help, each activity has links to grammar tables. There are six cases. School answers the question Куда/Kuda/To Where? Test is customizable so you can use it even if you don't know the rules for all cases. The accusative case answers the questions кого/что (kaVOH/CHTO) – whom/what, and куда (kooDAH) – where. 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