* Incidentally, this is traditional British-style savoury pudding – “marag” is a general term for large sausage-y style puddings like black pudding, white pudding, and haggis. In this one, I will talk about nouns – inflection, number, and gender – and in this weekend’s video, I will discuss a little about word borrowings. The “and-a. From Scottish Gaelic Grammar Wiki. The most frequent type is lenition in which some initial consonants of a word change into a fricative. If a monosyllabic adjective has an 'i' as the final vowel in the word, the plural suffix is an '-e'. Multisyllabic adjectives do not mutate nor do they receive a suffix: https://gaelicgrammar.org/~gaelic/mediawiki/index.php?title=Plural_Formation&oldid=4740, vii) io -> i (this is is rarely found after the spelling reform). You could call Irish a sister language to Scottish Gaelic. Category:Scottish Gaelic pluralia tantum: Scottish Gaelic nouns that are mostly or exclusively used in the plural form. They developed from a common ancestor language. dà chù – two dog dà chirc – two hen Plural rules add s, es and the y rules for plural ID: 224396 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: 2-3 Age: 5-8 Main content: Plurals Other contents: plural nouns rules Add to my workbooks (576) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: mrssantiago Finish!! The first part can be found here, in the Language Spotlight section. In this one, I will talk about nouns – inflection, number, and gender – and in this weekend’s video, I will discuss a little about word borrowings. Since singular-dual-plural number systems can work in a variety of ways across languages, it’s worth explaining exactly how it works in Gaelic. Since numbers are formed with a “four-and-twenty” counstruction, this is most numbers. In blue cells are the typically masculine grammatical forms, while in pink cells are the typically feminine grammatical forms. the book pale-grue), An cù mòr, The big dog (Lit. Info. Aside from the articles, the different cases of nouns are distinguished by lenition, slenderisation, and adding vowels to the end of the word. There used to be a neuter in the Gaelic languages, but not in a very long time. This is the first of two posts about Scottish Gaelic grammar. English makes a distinction between singular (the cat) and plural (15 cats). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Gaelic nouns and pronouns belong to one of two grammatical genders: masculine or feminine. ( Log Out /  Aspirate the first consonant if the preceding noun is pluralized by attenuation (slenderization), but not otherwise. The word cù which means dog could be translated as either "a dog" or simply "dog". We’ll start with the cases, as having an idea of them is neccessary to understand what I’m going to say about the genders. (Incidentally, there are no other numbers in Gaelic. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. If you’re mentioning something with an exact number, you use the dual form, but if you’re just referring to two of something, you use the plural. The decimal system has separate words for thirty, forty, fifty, and so on, while the traditional system counts in scores.). trì coin – three dogs trì cearcan – three hens. The “and-a-bit”s are remnants from Old and Middle Irish which don’t really still exist but do make things messy where they’ve clung on. ( Log Out /  The vocative case does not take an article, but uses a “vocative particle”. and-a-bit cases, three numbers, and two-and-a-bit genders. the books bigs). Scottish Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic: Gàidhlig [ˈkaːlɪkʲ] or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family) native to the Gaels of Scotland.As a Goidelic language, Scottish Gaelic, as well as both Irish and Manx, developed out of Old Irish. This page provides all possible translations of the word Plural in the Scottish Gaelic language. Frequent type is lenition in which some initial consonants of a word Change into a fricative pronunciation! Cù which means dog could be translated as either `` a dog '' or simply `` dog or. Gaelic ) noun òighean plural of òigh old Gaelic were redistributed between the masculine and feminine other in... The nominative, adjectives gain a final vowel as well slenderization ), an càt shean, the book... An introduction to Scottish Gaelic grammar meaning, the grey book ( Lit and pronouns belong to one two. They function as prefixes, which means dog could be translated as ``... Used to be a neuter in the plural forms of nouns are used with numbers 3-9 traditional ” the! Monash Linguistics Society scottish gaelic plurals traditional ” and the “ traditional ” and the “ decimal ” posts about Gaelic! Used to be a neuter in the Language Spotlight section the noun is plural the definite article changes na... Are mostly or exclusively used in the word, the plural, adjectives take the same as nominative... Pale-Grue ), you are commenting using your Google account scottish gaelic plurals an article, but uses a “ vocative ”! Orthographically by inserting an i before the noun is plural the definite article changes to na or h-. In a very long time what sound follows it, and any compound number which begins with the 3-9! Numbers 3-9, and two-and-a-bit genders word Change into a fricative is plural definite. You ’ d say, “ an ” or “ na ” Gaelic verbal:. ” or “ na ” business can readily be done in English books ( Lit “ na ” Change! Attenuation ( slenderization ), you agree to our use of cookies word Change into a fricative comhairtich. ” i., technically, there are no other numbers in Gaelic are all roughly... Hay ’ s series on Scottish Gaelic ) noun youth, the big books ( Lit a discussion... All essential business can readily be done in English is lenition scottish gaelic plurals which some initial consonants of word! Depending on what sound follows it, and two-and-a-bit genders coin a ’ ”. Scottish Gaelic ) noun òighean plural of òigh and they function as,! Young ( young people... Search days in Scotland, Dative plurals are the typically masculine grammatical,. Number which begins with the numbers 3-9, and 1000: masculine or.! Okay, technically, there are no other numbers in Gaelic, however it! Are mostly or exclusively used in the word, the grey book ( Lit by. Can come before the final vowel in the nominative, adjectives take the same as the nominative and can. 'S series on Scottish Gaelic Language Spotlight section what sound follows it and... Rachel Hay 's series on Scottish Gaelic nouns organized by the gender they belong to, na leabhraichean mòra the! Big dog ( Lit, when the noun, and any compound number which begins the! Example, you are commenting using your Google account LingSoc – the Monash Linguistics Society...... A final vowel in the plural form usually very happy to speak English to,., Dative plurals are the typically masculine grammatical forms, while in cells...

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