/BBox [0 0 362.835 272.126] �������>�pJxC�ie��7]�(��qc8�W�z��� �|H���� ��^�q���>?�]C�]�Xc=9G��� ��� ���2x�W�,^�{�Mš. aF(ڢ��G�{ͬS 7Z���#�",�p��: ��|�Qe�ìf�H�Ry �����2�9������7�Q��e?�t��m�� ��. �90 HN2�KLz �[��� ���T���pH,_�)� �mT1��� ��%]�0b� �=� K��m\zU!�e���Jh��$ The 6 0 obj >> �� C�� � �" �� /Filter /FlateDecode endobj %���� 2.Standard model of particle physics The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics (Gottfried and Weisskopf, 1984) was developed throughout the 20th century, although the current formulation was essentially finalized in the mid-1970s following the experimental confirmation of the existence of quarks (Bloom et al., 1969; Breidenbach et al., 1969). x���P(�� �� Calculations based on the Standard Model has been tested in some cases to 1 part in 10 billion. >> <>stream ��[ /Subtype /Image Force Carriers • EM – photons (EM waves) – Long range (R-2) • Weak – W and Z particles discovered 1983 – Short range (10-21 m) �JI؞�B�R��T(��c{��B@�r`����|ߌ��h�(t�}�0����m��f����3: }��p�2��#˜�[�qC�,��a�6ƭֆn� �w��pY�q��^�Q��51:,6A��1��[����*N$���� ��� ���{ O6X Abstract: These lectures provide a basic introduction to the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics. The Standard Model of Particle Physics Andrea Romanino – Associate Profes-sor, SISSA. }�{ˬ��FېFq����� �3�� ��~?�r>-������1B�@���K���[� �s����o������6�w���L�;d���}�����૘#�o�� O�V t��q�$n�/_��k���kM^�,���mK�����G�qj7~U���9� �͟�)�[Yx���? �j�\��)i&��X1�Bm>H+�L�s ]. /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB %PDF-1.4 4 0 obj %���� %PDF-1.5 stream nU �I�O5�MN4 �!ԝ�A���v���m /Length 15 The scientific interests in-clude Standard Model and beyond, includ-ing supersymmetry, extra dimensions and grand unification; flavour and neutrino physics. /Type /XObject Hidden Structure Higgs boson multimedia particle physics physics quantum physics standard model theoretical physics All topics [Editor’s note: The full, interactive map is available below .] <> stream << �}�t%�c0�� x=���L"�\�# J�G Y� y� �s� � 20 0 obj ����( ��( �'��`�I��-�QM7���5��O� ���� c���x��� _�܍��u�z������lM*K���^g�>g4���?�?�u��s�o��፭�HA�P�=�J�?ڶ�*�;W�_���k�|�?X�V��u���Zƣ=�RI@������x�VW�T?�� ��[��pv�����pA�3{W�Ϯ� �Qh���w���4����ֻx��!e�x�ǚ���J?h_�L_~*L' �z���j1����^m.j���#G>��(tT�3x� �@4�!�N�!#. The Standard Model of particle physics is a bit of a misnomer; in fact it is a very well tested theory. >> endobj Using the Standard Model Playing the Game Physics and the Standard model provide the rules by which to play the game: • Conservation of energy/mass • Conservation of momentum • Conservation of charge And a few new ones: • Conservation of color << /Filter /FlateDecode � @��6�N��d���B`;������!��-� ����#Lk���‘k?�ZM{.����Z��:��Q�@�Dǜ" ֤�vL����>[�sW� G�mKĴ��Ѯ1� ���������7 /BitsPerComponent 8 /FormType 1 endobj /Length 12071 xڽVKO1��W�֍����C 10 0 obj <> /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] A ll of nature springs from a handful of components — the fundamental particles — that interact with one another in only a few different ways. u]e �� � It has been tested in great detail up to ener-gies in the hundred GeV range and has passed all these tests very well. � 3��xM8 ���'d�2i��?$�M��f^ �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� <> So far all experimental data is consistent with the Standard Model. ge� TK\��u��$� ��/�~�gK�u[z*, KN; ��[t������K ����~��J% N4�PxR@��> ��h�8�H'P����3�;�W�.J�I2�t����L��`6��y��vh� ��~=ݸ�*���t���x��)JB��2R>����т{�gP�p����M��,���i2ɓ�ϓ}���H]�~��t$��a��.f�a�������G庁X~��:Y~�y�~��̗���i2K��1W ��pP0��p�4Ky%\Je���� Zmv��)S>�n��l��?~q��Ж��ُ=��q�'�ɿ�y/n���heb��!b���zs2ߜ�Ls��p�%���?�����F�����¼�;��:#ι��kҀ2&���a�H�1�׽ۛq�Y�l7Ѷn���v�z�G� The Standard Model: is a mathematical model for describing the behaviour of the elementary particles: quarks, leptons, gauge bosons and the Higgs boson is the most precisely tested scienti c model every constructed { it has passed thousands of tests and most of its predictions have now been veri ed endobj 16 0 obj Thanks ... – Not studied much in particle physics, important for cosmology. ���� JFIF ` ` �� C /Length 831 The Standard Model or Particle Physics 101 Nick Hadley Quarknet, July 7, 2003. �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� stream m! endstream /Width 180 %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 0 obj endstream << /Resources 11 0 R 9 0 obj /Filter /DCTDecode /Height 191 /Subtype /Form $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? endobj u � 5�_�Zj�p� � ��������(#�tj� ��Y�������-��g��,fM��ϓJQoE��ѭo�a�ǚ��G�o��|'�_�8��X�����?뚜H���A�6Ü�3�A�M}�/��?� l�:y~��G�,�������@�7��ʓ*d����O���C�֣(ǻLt��z��M���{��j(���*E��y��N�-QLaEPEPI�ij)��{{� �,���í|��{�R~� �>Y琀p�C���� s� ����ͷ�� >\Z�P�����E���cT�g���#?|1ܕ��K� ���q��3���u��Z�_K��\�����2>~̤`m9� ��aI����S������7�~ԽE�y�35�9�> sK���'�~��T��[� 5 scnrRGB XYZ � acsp �� �- desc � `wtpt cprt ( A2B0 8 3�desc adhoc XYZ �� �-text none mft2 �� �� �� $ � o /) � e�� �M� ���{S]\$� �/�"^KO�[a ` � � � � � �AO� /Type /XObject The Standard Model of particle physics summarizes all we know about the fundamental forces of electromagnetism, as well as the weak and strong interactions (but not gravity).

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