In modern philosophy the reaction to systematic philosophy began with Kierkegaard and continued in various forms through analytic philosophy, existentialism, hermeneutics, and deconstructionism. Sometimes, what is called for, is a certain sort of explanation — not a causal explanation, but an explanation for example of how two different views, which seem to be contrary to one another, can be held at the same time, consistently. Human lives are deeply informed with many basic assumptions. They immediately start giving arguments, pro and con, on different sides of the issue. They constantly demand and offer arguments for different claims they make. Some philosophers and ordinary people dive right in and start trying to solve the problem. The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. Systematic philosophy attempts to provide a framework in reason that can explain all questions and problems related to human life. The initial impulse to philosophize may arise from suspicion, for example, that we do not fully understand, and have not fully justified, even our most basic beliefs about the world. For example, about God, themselves, the natural world, human society, morality and human productions. Doing philosophy is different from this. What is the capital of the United States? There is not just one method that philosophers use to answer philosophical questions. The major questions philosophers ask about reality, knowledge and goodness provide wonderful opportunities to increase students’ engagement and self-image in the classroom. (see the. Doing philosophy is about the journey, the process, as much as it is about the destination, the conclusion. Examples of systematic philosophers include Plato,[1] Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel. A good argument — a clear, organized, and sound statement of reasons — may ultimately cure the original doubts that motivated us to take up philosophy. This, therefore, indicates that philosophy is a quest for arguments. There are many other things about this universe about which people are also fundamentally ignorant. Philosophers are, or at least are expected to be, very good at giving arguments. Academically, the students developed their abilities to construct philosophical questions, gather relevant information for an inquiry from a variety of sources, analyze data, construct a well−reasoned thesis, write, reflect, and participate in a philosophical community of inquiry. People often find themselves believing things that they do not understand. An argument is a set of statements, one of which (the conclusion), it is said or implied, follows from the others (the premises). The working assumption is that the more clearly the question or problem is stated, the easier it is to identify critical issues. Different assumptions would lead to different ways of living. Philosophers offer definitions and explanations in solution to problems; they argue for those solutions; and then other philosophers provide counter arguments, expecting to eventually come up with better solutions. In a broad, ambiguous sense, the subject-matter and circum-stances of philosophy are the same, for they both range through the It is about questioning assumptions, digging for deeper understanding. When was the first World Series played? Method in philosophy is in some sense rooted in motivation, only by understanding why people take up philosophy can one properly understand what philosophy is. For example: One might also consider some of the many questions about justification. Often, people fail to understand what it is they believe, and fail to understand the reasons they believe in what they do. Dialectic (in one sense of this history-laden word) is simply philosophical conversation amongst people who do not always agree with each other about everything. This exchange and resulting revision of views is called dialectic. Sometimes a philosophical theory by itself can be stated quite briefly. Can one sport be objectively better than another? Not all proposed solutions to philosophical problems consist of definitions or generalizations. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Plato said that "philosophy begins in wonder",[2] a view which is echoed by Aristotle: "It was their wonder, astonishment, that first led men to philosophize and still leads them. All the supporting philosophical text is offered by way of hedging, explanation, and argument. One can do this sort of harsh criticism on one's own, but others can help greatly, if important assumptions are shared with the person offering the criticisms. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Methodic doubt - a systematic process of being skeptical about (or doubting) the truth of one's beliefs. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Argument - provide an … Philosophic Inquiry The nature and functions of philosophy, like those of any other enter prise, are determined by its subject-maner and its conditioning circum-stances. Philosophical method (or philosophical methodology) is the study of how to do philosophy. Of these questions, they can be stated quite briefly questions are only the tip the. Their beliefs that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions offered by way of hedging, explanation, Hegel! 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