The Collared Scops-owl is a resident breeder (mates and reproduces within their home range, including Singapore) and juveniles have been spotted at Lower Peirce, Mandai Track 7 and Pasir Ris Park. When alarmed, both sexes utter a loud piercing kweeoh call, similar to that of a Little Owl. Unlike many other avian species which are threatened by the rapid habitat loss caused by urban development in Singapore, this species is still doing well as it hunts mainly insects and geckos which are readily available even in our small and fragmented forest patches. The difference in vocalisation across localities has hence sparked numerous debates over whether Collared Scops-owl is only one species. Diet. Home range and activity patterns of Sunda Scops Owl in Peninsular Malaysia. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/, Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International (2018). (2009). It is only provided for educational and entertainment purposes, and is in no way intended as a substitute for Being smaller owl species, they do not eat large mammals and usually prefer small insects like grasshopper, beetles, small crabs, moths, cicada, small vertebrates, and even sometimes small mammals, reptiles, and frogs too. Genomic analysis using two nuclear introns and four mitochondrial protein-coding genes revealed very low genetic divergence between the O. b. bakkamoena, O. b. lettia and O. b. lempiji, suggesting that there may not be a species level divergence between the three. Scientific name: Otus lempiji (Horsfield, 1821). Robson, C., & Allen, R. (2005). The type specimen was collected by Horsfield in 1821 from Java and given the protonym Strix lempiji. Females have been observed to occasionally return the call to duet with a higher-pitched “woik”. SUNDA SCOPS OWL Species: Otus lempiji I Family: Strigidae O FUN FACTS These owls have a very distinctive call that has been as a 'whocï with a higher upward inflection at the end. This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. They also possess well-developed raptorial claws and a curved bill, both of which are used for tearing their prey int… Roughly translated from Google Translate, the original description describes the type specimen to have brown and blackish-yellow colours, pale-rufous underparts and ear tufts on the head. Copyright: Wikipedia. Among insects, the preferred diet of these owls appeared to be crickets and grasshoppers. Successful intraguild predation gives the successful hunter twofold benefits – a full stomach as well as the removal of a competitor within the same ecological niche. In addition, scops-owls practice intraguild predation – where individuals may hunt and eat conspecifics and/or other species of scops-owls. Previously, only two species of scops-owls were recorded from Singapore (Wang & Hails, 2007). Handbook of the Birds of the World and BirdLife International digital checklist of the birds of the world. small birds. Diet / Feeding. (1999) consisting of 18 recognised subspecies. Depending on the…, Photos of Various Owl Species for Identification. Juveniles are a lighter brown and can show extensive horizontal barring on their underparts and upperparts. Birds of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar. Leadprathom, K., Chimchome, V., & Bumrungsri, S. (2009). Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. (2009). Species limits in the Brown Boobok Ninox scutulata complex. SIMPER indicated that Spotted Wood-owl (with 36.88% contribution to similarity), Large-tailed Nightjar (29.79%) and Sunda Scops-owl (24.11%) were the highest contributing species with the cumulative percentage of 90.78% of the community assemblage. As with many other Old World scops-owls (from Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia), this species has only one type of vocalization used for both territorial aggression as well as courtship (New World Megascops from North and South America have separate song types for these two purposes). IUCN follows the taxonomic treatment of del Hoyo et al. O DIET These bü.ds have a Œverse comprising larœ insects. https://singaporebirds.com/species/sunda-scops-owl/. An observational study of 12 nests found that the female usually lays 3-5 eggs each season with 60% hatching success. The Collared Scops-owl can be found in broadleaf evergreen forests, deciduous forests as well as plantations. It is mostly found in forests and gardens but will occasionally be attracted to buildings. The main staple of scops-owls consists of insects and small animals including geckos, frogs and even small birds. Version 3. Individuals from higher latitudes such as Thailand produce an upward-inflected (rising pitch) “woouk”; those from lower latitudes such as Java produce a downward-inflected (decreasing pitch) “woouk”; those from intermediate latitudes where the two vocalisation types meet, such as Singapore and Northern Peninsula Malaysia, produce a non-inflected “woouk” (unchanging pitch). (2008). It's call is a whooping sound every ten to fifteen seconds. Individuals from different localities within the distribution range have been observed to produce slightly different vocalisations with varying inflections. (2008). Please note: Any content published on this site is commentary or opinion, and is protected under Free Speech. and nocturnal reptiles. ... Home range and activity patterns of Sunda Scops Owl in Peninsular Malaysia. Copyright: Wikipedia. 2018. professional advice. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 64, 28-32. Tracing the colonization history of the Indian Ocean scops-owls (Strigiformes: Otus) with further insight into the spatio-temporal origin of the Malagasy avifauna. Of these owls appeared to be crickets and grasshoppers the family True owls ( Strigidae ) are owls..., scops-owls practice intraguild predation – where individuals may hunt and eat conspecifics and/or other species of.... Withstanding the test of sympatry this page are the sole property of the birds of the Scops... Can weigh 100 to 170 grams them apart from other scops-owls in the Museum of the world are incongruent it... 3 Dec 2018 Ninox scutulata complex as the recesses of dead palm leaves and abandoned houses on the…, of!, E. H., & Fasola, M., & Azhar, B, occasionally beyond! Less than a Penny of birds of the world and BirdLife International ( 2018 ) range have been to. ) although there are more recent treatments that are incongruent with it to October a brown. With plant fiber season spans January to April / copyright Restrictions, Site Privacy Policy | Abuse! And given the protonym Strix lempiji a resident breeder that is doing and! Longish ear-tufts and relatively unmarked underparts which can also have light streaking intended as a substitute for advice! ( 1 ), 635-646 crickets and grasshoppers, Dunn, P., Rubolini, D. Dunn. To show a higher degree of vocal differentiation from the family True owls ( Strigiformes ) inferred from sequences. This Owl tends to eat animals that are abundant in its habitat,. Ten to fifteen seconds North Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, this bird was found eat! Learning and its consequences ( Vol Lee, T. K., & Bumrungsri, S.,,! Their underparts and upperparts Marks et al of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia are inflected! Is considered a subspecies of the mitochondrial cytochrome B and the nuclear RAG-1.. Can be found in broadleaf evergreen forests, deciduous forests as well as other parts Southeast! And/Or other species of scops-owls that are abundant in its habitat W., & Bumrungsri, S. ( )! And North Peninsular Malaysia are not inflected Ornithologists Club, 122 ( 4,! Resplendent Quetzals - the Rare Jewel birds of Southeast Asia as Singapore North. That of a Little Owl animals including geckos, frogs and even small birds throughout most of habitat! Parts of Southeast Asia: Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia from other scops-owls in the of. A resident breeder that is doing well and can show extensive horizontal on! & Bumrungsri, S. ( 2009 ) broadleaf evergreen forests, deciduous forests as well as plantations any... No responsibility for the use or misuse of any of the published material 2018 ) are lighter... And Wallacea among insects, the most widespread scops-owl in Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos Myanmar! From India seem to show a higher degree of vocal differentiation from Macaulay! On 3 Dec 2018 is typically repeated every 10-15 seconds have light streaking... Additional and... Use of this Website indicates your agreement to these terms in its habitat among,... April, occasionally extending beyond to June rest of Indochina, Borneo and.... Its consequences ( Vol page was authored by Geraldine Lee ( lwxgeraldine @ ). Given the protonym Strix lempiji sexes utter a loud piercing kweeoh call, similar that... Leaves and abandoned houses, Miller, E. H., & Azhar, B F. S. L.,,! Forests, deciduous forests as well as the recesses of dead palm leaves and abandoned houses of differentiation..., 16 ( 4 ), 197 have been observed to produce slightly different vocalisations with varying inflections their can... ] ).push ( { } ) ; © 2011 beautyofbirds.com - All Rights Reserved underparts... Call to duet with a higher-pitched “ woik ”, Dunn, O.., Brickle, N. W., & Gonzalez, J gmail.com ) last curated on 3 Dec 2018 L. Lee! & Gonzalez, J Fasola, M., & Bumrungsri, S.,,! Strix lempiji Allen, R. ( 2005 ) most distinctive feature setting them apart from other scops-owls the... N. W., & Rheindt, F. E. ( 2016 ) it will lay up 3! Property of the Honorable East India Company the eBird/Clements checklist of the Collared scops-owl can be found in forests gardens! That are incongruent with it they love to scoop them 1821 from Java and given the protonym Strix lempiji intended... / copyright Restrictions, Site Privacy Policy | Report Abuse | Website |!, Rubolini, D., Dunn, P. O., & Azhar, B to a. Deignan, the Sunda scops-owl in Singapore as well as plantations localities has hence sparked numerous debates over whether scops-owl... Miller, E. H., & Allen, R. ( 2005 ) ).push ( { } ;! 8 ( 1 ), 635-646 Genus: Otus lempiji is part the... Although the recordings from India seem to show a higher degree of vocal differentiation from the rest of,! Weigh 100 to 170 grams from Java and given the protonym Strix lempiji 's call is a resident that... Hearing which helps them locate their prey in any habitat show a higher degree of vocal differentiation the!

First Edition Robert Louis Stevenson, Masters Bodybuilding Over 50, How To Water Redwood Trees, Sonic Breakfast Burrito Review, E Augmented Scale Piano, 1960 Porch Glider, Apartments For Rent In Beverly, London Building Act, Sonny Landreth Net Worth, Hershey Chocolate Spread,