In winter, small flocks of Western Bluebirds are often heard flying overhead or seen feeding on berries in trees. Nest is a rather loose cup of twigs and weeds, lined with finer grass. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. It’s the least you can do. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Some Western Bluebirds even as far north as British Columbia, Canada, stay there year-round. May catch insects in mid-air, or may seek them among foliage. Thrushes and Allies(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Turdidae). Sialia mexicana. Bluebirds in mountainous areas may simply move down the slope to warmer elevations for winter. Age of young at first flight is not well known, probably between 2 and 3 weeks. Spread the word. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. Berries and small fruits are important in diet especially in winter; among those eaten are fruits of mistletoe, juniper, and elderberry. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. The individual that I’d photographed is a female. In partly open terrain of the west, from valley farms and orchards to clearings in mountain pine forest, this bluebird is often common. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Probably 2 broods per year. The summer breeding range extends as far north as the Pacific Northwest, British Columbia, and Montana. Learn more about these drawings. In summer it is often seen perching alone on fence wires by open meadows, fluttering down to pluck insects from the grass. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Nest site is in cavity, such as natural hollow in oak or pine, old woodpecker hole, birdhouse, sometimes hole in building. Mostly insects and berries. Provision of birdhouses probably has not kept pace with loss of natural nest sites. Insects make up majority of diet, especially in summer; feeds heavily on grasshoppers, caterpillars, beetles, ants, also many other insects. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Western Bluebird. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from Both parents bring food to nestlings. Lives of North American Birds. Breeds in semi-open areas including pine woods, oak woods, streamside groves, ranch country, sometimes in pinyon-juniper woods, but avoiding hot dry regions. Some Western Bluebirds even as far north as British Columbia, Canada, stay there year-round. When it comes to droughts, the costs of climate change are too high for both birds and people. A labeling program could help scientists and grape growers make vineyards better for wildlife, but for now it's sitting on the shelf. Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana Range map Data provided by eBird. We protect birds and the places they need. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Bald Eagle. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. Nest in cavity is probably built mostly by female, but male may take part. There are entire years when I do not encounter a bluebird. The Southwest Is Facing an ‘Unprecedented’ Migratory Bird Die-Off. Northern birds can migrateto the southern parts o… Male typically arrives on breeding grounds before female, and defends nesting territory by singing. In courtship, male may flutter in front of female with wings and tail partly spread, while singing. Speak out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat. Bluebirds in mountainous areas may simply move down the slope to warmer elevations for winter. Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? Others across the interior West depart their breeding grounds, and wintering birds begin to be seen in Arizona, west Texas, and northern Mexico by October and November. Permanent resident in some southern areas; migratory in the north, arriving rather early in spring and lingering late in fall. Scattered trees, open conifer forests, farms; in winter, semi-open terrain, brush, deserts. In recent decades, numbers have declined over much of range. Resident to medium-distance migrant. Photo: Nathan Gowan/Audubon Photography Awards. Unlike many songbirds, Western Bluebirds often migrate during the day. Winters in many kinds of open or semi-open habitats, especially in pinyon-juniper, also in desert, farmland, others. Young: Both parents bring food to nestlings. Usually nests fairly low, rarely up to 50' above the ground. Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Adult male. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Western Bluebirds, by contrast, show up sporadically. Sometimes, as when juniper woods have heavy berry crops, the bluebirds may gather by the hundreds. National Audubon Society Perches or flutters among branches to take berries. Pale blue, unmarked; occasionally white. Probably 2 broods per year. Incubation is by female, incubation period not well known. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Explore Birds of the World to learn more. Range. In summer it is often seen perching alone on fence wires by open meadows, fluttering down to pluck insects from the grass. Male may also feed female. In winter, small flocks of Western Bluebirds are often heard flying overhead or seen feeding on berries in trees. Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. Western Bluebirds, as their name implies, inhabit the western United States, with their range extending down into Mexico. Winter range varies from year to year depending on food supplies. Here’s what we know so far. The year-round range includes California, the southern Rocky Mountains, Arizona, and New Mexico in the United States, and as far south as the states of Oaxaca and Veracruz in Mexico. Others across the interior West depart their breeding grounds, and wintering birds begin to be seen in Arizona, west Texas, and northern Mexico by October and November. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. Scientists and birders have found large numbers of migratory species disoriented and dead in recent weeks. 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