Introduction to Literature Critical Approaches to Literature Plain text version of this document. What is literary criticism? ENG125: Introduction to Literature Critical Literary Theories Purpose: Use this resource to learn about literary criticism. English 436-04: Major Critical Theories Spring 2011 Jerome Richfield Hall 304 T 4:00 - 6:45 Office Hours: T 2:30 - 3:30, Th 2:30 - 4:30, and by appointment Books: Leitch et al., eds. Abrams. There are many different ways to interpret a novel or short story. INTRODUCTION Starts with opening sentences that state the writer, the title and give a brief explanation of the topic of the text. But it epitomizes the importance most theories of the time placed on a single deep structure to explain literature and culture. Critical approaches to literature reveal how or why a particular work is constructed and what its social and cultural implications are. In the book Abrams speaks about the two ways in which literature or literary theories try to interpret the human mind – first the mind as a mirror that reflects the external objects and second as a lamp that throws light at the objects it sees. Introduction Summaries New Criticism Archetypal Criticism Psychoanalytic Criticism Feminist Criticism Marxist Criticism Reader-Response Criticism Cultural Studies New Historicism Deconstruction Conclusion. Quotations are from X.J. The stated purpose of critical theory is to develop the intellectual tools with which people can understand their world and seek to change it for the better. Reading literary criticism will inspire you to reread, rethink, and respond. The aim of the text and a summary of the main findings or key The essay ‘Orientation of Critical Theories’ is the first chapter of the book The Mirror and the Lamp by M.H. Understanding critical perspectives will help you to see and appreciate a literary work as a multilayered construct of meaning. Structuralism proper actually only comes the US in the late 70s. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism (see suggested readings below) Let’s get … Critical theories aim to dig beneath the surface of social life and uncover the assumptions that keep human beings from a full and true understanding of how the world works. CRITICAL THEORY. Described below are nine common critical approaches to the literature. Literary Critical Theory is a tool that helps you find meaning in stories, poems and plays. Introduction to Literature. THE CONTENT OF A CRITICAL REVIEW A critical review is generally one to four pages in length and has a structure similar to the one given here. 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