Clara Barton summary: Clara Barton is best known as one of the founders of the American Red Cross and as a pioneer in the field of nursing. Clara Barton was born in Massachusetts, on December 25, 1821. Clara Barton is considered one of the greatest nurses ever. Clara and her four older siblings were raised on a small farm by their parents Sarah Stone and Stephen Barton. Clara formed the American Red Cross in 1881. She was a nurse on the battlefield, providing care to soldiers. Clara Barton died in 1912, at the age of 90, at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland. Even though she became a prominent public figure, Clara Barton was … Clarissa Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a pioneering American nurse who founded the American Red Cross.She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and a patent clerk.Since nursing education was not then very formalized and she did not attend nursing school, she provided self-taught nursing care. Clara Barton is famous for her time as a Civil War nurse, heading the Missing Soldiers Office (as readers of this blog know), and founding the American Red Cross, but, ultimately, she was a teacher at heart. She began her work as a nurse after hearing about the happenings in the civil war. She was also a supporter of the women’s suffrage movement and dedicated her life to helping people.. Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton was born December 25, 1821, in North Oxford, Massachusetts, to Captain Stephen and Sarah (Stone) Barton. Clarissa “Clara” Harlowe Barton was an educator, suffragist, and nurse who founded the American Red Cross in 1881. She was a hospital nurse in the … Civil War nurse Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross. Clara wanted a bigger challenge and a greater purpose, that's when she decided to become a civil war nurse. 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